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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 72, Issue 2, pp 132–145 | Cite as

Redox regulation of cellular functions

  • O. N. OktyabrskyEmail author
  • G. V. Smirnova
Review

Abstract

Maintenance of normal intracellular redox status plays an important role in such processes as DNA synthesis, gene expression, enzymatic activity, and others. In addition, it is clear that changes in the redox status of intracellular content and individual molecules, resulting from stress or intrinsic cellular activity, are involved in the regulation of different processes in cells. Small changes in intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species participate in intracellular signaling. Thiol-containing molecules, such as glutathione, thioredoxins, glutaredoxins, and peroxiredoxins, also play an important role in maintaining redox homeostasis and redox regulation. This review attempts to summarize the current knowledge about redox regulation in different cell types.

Key words

redox regulation reactive oxygen species mitochondria apoptosis 

Abbreviations

Grxs

glutaredoxins

GSH

reduced form of glutathione

GSSG

oxidized form of glutathione

MAP

mitogen-activated protein kinases

Prxs

peroxiredoxins or thioredoxin peroxidases

Ras

small G-protein

ROS

reactive oxygen species

TR

thioredoxin reductase

Trx

thioredoxin

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Ecology and Genetics of MicroorganismsUrals Division of the Russian Academy of SciencesPerm’Russia

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