, Volume 57, Issue 5, pp 675–684 | Cite as

Duration, causes, and geodynamic significance of the Middle Cenozoic hiatus in sedimentation in the near-polar part of the Lomonosov Ridge (based on IODP-302-ACEX drilling data)

  • A. A. Chernykh
  • A. A. Krylov
Marine Geology


The paper analyzes the duration and causes of the Middle Cenozoic hiatus in sedimentation in the near-polar part of the Lomonosov Ridge, revealed during biostratigraphic research of ACEX borehole deposits. Arguments are presented against the existence of a long hiatus between sediments of lithological complexes 1/5 and 1/6. The Lomonosov Ridge naturally subsided in the Cenozoic as a result of cooling of the lithosphere after riftogenesis. However, the level of the Arctic Ocean in its isolation period (49(?)–36.6 Ma) could have been lower than the level of the World Ocean due to decelerated spreading in the Eurasian Basin. A brief hiatus in sedimentation was caused by opening of the Fram Strait around 36.6 Ma and the infiltration of intermediate Atlantic waters, which could have interacted with the Lomonosov Ridge, leading to the erosion or nondeposition of particles on its surface.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    V. Yu. Glebovsky, V. D. Kaminsky, A. N. Minakov, S. A. Merkur’ev, V. A. Childers, and J. M. Brozena, “Formation of the Eurasia basin in the Arctic Ocean as inferred from geohistorical analysis of the anomalous magnetic field,” Geotectonics 40, 263–281 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. G. Derevyanko, E. A. Gusev, and A. A. Krylov, “Palynological characteristic of Cretaceous deposits of the Lomonosov Ridge,” Probl. Arkt. Antarkt. No. 2, 78–84 (2009).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. I. Kim and Z. I. Glezer, “Sedimentary cover of the Lomonosov Ridge: stratigraphy, structure, deposition history, and ages of seismic facies units,” Stratigr. Geol. Correl. 15, 401–420 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yu. G. Kiselev, Depth Geology of the Arctic Basin (Nedra, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. A. Krylov, V. V. Shilov, I. A. Andreeva, and E. S. Mirolyubova, “Stratigraphy and Upper Quaternary sedimentation in the northern part of Mendeleev Rise (Amerasian Basin, Arctic Ocean),” Probl. Arkt. Antarkt. No. 2 (88), 7–22 (2011).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. N. Kuprin, “The section profile of sediments and some aspects of the Cenozoic geological history of the Lomonosov Ridge in the Arctic Ocean,” Otechestvennaya Geol. 2, 72–83 (2012).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. A. Levitan, K. V. Syromyatnikov, and T. G. Kuz’mina, “Lithological and geochemical characteristics of recent and Quaternary sedimentation in the Arctic Ocean,” Geochem. Int. 50, 559–573 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. A. Levitan, T. A. Antonova, and T. N. Gelvi, “Mesozoic-Cenozoic sedimentation in the circum-Arctic belt. 2. Cretaceous–Palaeogene,” Geochem. Int. 53, 411–429 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. F. Morozov, O. V. PEtrov, S. P. Shokal’skii, et al., “New geological data explaining the nature of the Central Arctic rises,” Reg. Geol. Metallogeniya 53, 34–55 (2013).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. A. Poselov, G. P. Avetisov, V. V. Butsenko, S. M. Zholondz, V. D. Kaminsky, and S. P. Pavlov, “The Lomonosov Ridge as a natural extension of the Eurasian continental margin into the Arctic Basin,” Russ. Geol. Geophys. 53, 1276–1290 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. A. Chernykh and A. A. Krylov, “Sedimentogenesis in the Amundsen Basin from geophysical data and drilling results on the Lomonosov Ridge,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 440, 1372–1376 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Backman, K. Moran, D. B. McInroy, and L. A. Mayer, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program: Initial Report No. 302 (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Edinburgh, 2006). doi 10.2204/iodp.proc.302.2006Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Backman, M. Jakobsson, M. Frank, et al., “Age model and core-seismic integration for the Cenozoic Arctic Coring Expedition sediments from the Lomonosov Ridge,” Paleoceanography 23 (PA1S03), (2008). doi 10.1029/2007PA001476Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Backman and K. Moran, “Expanding the Cenozoic paleoceanographic record in the Central Arctic Ocean: IODP expedition 302 synthesis,” Central Eur. J. Geosci. 1 (2), 157–175 (2009).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. A. Barron, C. E. Stickley, and D. Bukry, “Paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic constraints on the global Eocene diatom and silicoflagellate record,” Paleogeogr., Paleoclimatol., Paleoecol. 442, 85–100 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. M. Brozena, V. A. Childers, L. A. Lawver, et al., “New aerogeophysical study of the Eurasia Basin and Lomonosov Ridge: implications for basin development,” Geology 31, 825–828 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Chernykh and A. Krylov, “Cenozoic evolution of the Amundsen Basin and the Lomonosov Ridge (North Pole region) from analysis of geophysical data and results of ACEX (IODP–302),” in Geophysical Institute Report UAG-R-335, Ed. by D. B. Stone, J. G. Clough, and D. K. Thurston (University of Alaska, Fairbanks, 2012).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. A. Darby, “Ephemeral formation of perennial sea ice in the Arctic Ocean during the middle Eocene,” Nat. Geosci. 7, 210–213 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. Glebovsky, V. Kaminsky, A. Minakov, and A. Chernykh, “Cenozoic evolution of the Eurasia basin based from analysis of potential field and bathymetry data, AAPG 3P Arctic Conference and Exhibition “The Polar Petroleum Potential,” Abstracts of Papers (Russian Geological Society, Moscow, 2009), no. 90096.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    B. U. Haq, J. Hardenbol, and P. R. Vail, “Chronology of fluctuating sea levels since the Triassic,” Science. V. 235, 1156–1167 (1987).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Hegewald and W. Jokat, “Relative sea level variations in the Chukchi region–Arctic Ocean–since the late Eocene,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40, 1–5 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Jakobsson, J. Backman, B. Rudels, et al., “The early Miocene onset of a ventilated circulation regime in the Arctic Ocean,” Nature 447, 986–990 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    W. Jokat, G. Uenzelmann-Neben, Y. Kristoffersen, and T. Rasmussen, “ARCTIC’91: Lomonosov Ridge— a double sided continental margin,” Geology 20, 887–890 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    W. Jokat, E. Weigelt, Y. Krisoffersen, et al., “New insights into the evolution of the Lomonosov Ridge and the Eurasian Basin,” Geophys. J. Int. 122, 378–392 (1995).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    W. Jokat, “The sedimentary structure of the Lomonosov Ridge between 88N and 80N,” Geophys. J. Int. 163, 698–726 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    W. Jokat, M. Ickrath, and J. O’Connor, “Seismic transect across the Lomonosov and Mendeleev ridges: Constraints on the geological evolution of the Amerasian Basin, Arctic Ocean,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40 (19), 5047–5051 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. A. Krylov, I. A. Andreeva, C. Vogt, et al., “A shift in heavy and clay mineral provenance indicates a middle Miocene onset of a perennial sea ice cover in the Arctic Ocean,” Paleoceanography 23 (PA1S06), 1–10 (2008).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ch. Marz, Ch. Vogt, B. Schnetger, and H.-J. Brumsack, “Variable Eocene–Miocene sedimentation processes and bottom water redox conditions in the Central Arctic Ocean (IODP Expedition 302),” Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 310, 526–537 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    The Geology of Central Europe: Mesozoic and Cenozoic, Ed. by T. McCann (Geological Society of London, London, 2008), Vol. 2, pp. 749–1449.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    D. H. McNeil, “Tertiary marine events of the Beaufort-McKenzie Basin and correlation of Oligocene to Pliocene marine outcrops in Arctic North America,” Arctic 43 (4), 301–313 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    A. Minakov and Yu. Podladchikov, “Tectonic subsidence of the Lomonosov Ridge,” Geology 40 (G32445.1), 99–102 (2012).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    T. C. Moore, et al., “Sedimentation and subsidence history of the Lomonosov Ridge, in Arctic Coring Expedition (ACEX),” Proc. Integr. Ocean Drill. Program 302, 1–7 (2006).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    K. Moran, J. Backman, H. Brinkhuis, et al., “The Cenozoic paleoenviroment of the Arctic Ocean,” Nature 441 (7093), 601–605 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    G. Nichols, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy (Wiley, New York, 2009).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Onodera, K. Takahashi, and R. W. Jordan, “Eocene silicoflagellate and ebridian paleoceanography in the central Arctic Ocean,” Paleoceanography 23 (PA1S15), (2008).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    M. O’Regan, K. Moran, J. Backman, et al., “Mid-Cenozoic tectonic and paleoenvironmental setting of the central Arctic Ocean,” Paleoceanography 23 (PA1S20), (2008).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    M. O’Regan, K. Moran, C. D. P. Baxter, et al., “Towards ground truthing exploration in the central Arctic Ocean: a Cenozoic compaction history from the Lomonosov Ridge,” Basin Res. 22 (2), 215–235 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    M. O’Regan, “Late Cenozoic paleoceanography of the Central Arctic Ocean,” IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 14 (012002), (2011).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. Poirier and C. Hillaire-Marcel, “Os-isotope insights into major environmental changes of the Arctic Ocean during the Cenozoic,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L11602 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    A. Poirier and C. Hillaire-Marcel, “Improved Os-isotope stratigraphy of the Arctic Ocean,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L14607 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    F. Sangiorgi, H.-J. Brumsack, et al., “A 26 million year gap in the central Arctic record at the Greenhouse–Icehouse transition: looking for clues,” Paleoceanography 23 (PA1S04), (2008).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    B. Sekretov, “Northwestern margin of the East Siberian Sea, Russian Arctic: seismic stratigraphy, structure of the sedimentary cover and some remarks on the tectonic history,” Tectonophysics 339, 353–383 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    R. Spielhagen, K.-H. Baumann, H. Erlenkeuser, et al., “Arctic Ocean deep-sea record of northern Eurasian ice sheet history,” Quat. Sci. Rev. 23, 1455–1483 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    R. Stein, K. Fahl, and J. Muller, “Proxy reconstruction of Cenozoic Arctic Ocean sea-ice history—from IRD to IP25,” Polarforschung 82 (1), 37–71 (2012).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    R. Stein, P. Weller, J. Backman, H. Brinkhuis, K. Moran, and H. Palike, “Cenozoic Arctic Ocean Climate History: some highlights from the IODP Arctic Coring Expedition (ACEX),” in Earth and Life Processes Discovered from Subseafloor Environment—A Decade of Science Achieved by the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP), Ed. by Stein R., Blackman D., Inagaki F., and Larsen, H.-C. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2014), Vol. 7, pp. 259–293.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    K. St. John, “Cenozoic ice-rafting history of the central Arctic Ocean: terrigenous sands on the Lomonosov Ridge,” Paleoceanography 23 (PA1S05), 1–12 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    P. R. Vail, J. R. M. Mitchum, and S. Thompson, “Seismic stratigraphy and global changes of sea level,” in Seismic Stratigraphy—Application to Hydrocarbone Exploration, AAPG Memoris 26, Ed. by C. E. Payton, (American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, 1977), pp. 49–212.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    S. van Simaeys, H. Brinkhuis, J. Pross, et al., “Arctic dinoflagellate migrations mark the strongest Oligocene glaciations,” Geology 33 (9), 709–712 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    J. Zachos, M. Pagain, L. Sloan, et al., “Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present,” Science 292, 686–691 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.All-Russia Scientific Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources of the World Ocean n.a. Academician I.S. Gramberg (VNIIOkeangeologia)St. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Earth SciencesSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations