, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 118–130 | Cite as

Postglacial paleoceanographic environments in the Barents and Baltic seas

  • E. V. IvanovaEmail author
  • I. O. Murdmaa
  • E. M. Emelyanov
  • E. A. Seitkalieva
  • E. P. Radionova
  • G. N. Alekhina
  • S. M. Sloistov
Marine Geology


This paper presents reconstructions of ice sheet boundaries, lacustrine and marine paleobasins, as well as the connections of the Barents and Baltic seas with the North Atlantic from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene. The reconstructions are based on original and published data obtained from the northern and western parts of the Barents Sea and Baltic depressions with account for the available regional schematic maps of deglaciation. The early deglaciation of the Scandinavian–Barents ice sheet culminated with the Bølling-Allerød interstadial (14.5–12.9 cal ka BP), which was characterized by a more vigorous Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) and a corresponding increase in surface Atlantic water inflow into the Barents Sea through deep troughs. The Baltic Ice Lake (BIL) remained a dammed-up isolated basin during deglaciation from 16.0 to 11.7 cal ka BP. In the Younger Dryas (YD), the lake drained into the North Sea and was replaced by a brackish Yoldia Sea (YS) at the beginning of the Holocene (Preboreal, 11.7–10.7 cal ka BP), due to a limited connection between two basins through the Närke Strait. In the Barents Sea, the next increase in the Atlantic water influx into the deep basins corresponded to terminal YD and Preboreal events with a culmination in the Early Holocene. The Yoldia Sea became a lake again during the next stage, the Ancylus (~10.7–8.8 cal ka BP). Atlantic water inflow both into the Barents and Baltic seas varied during the Holocene, with a maximum contribution in the Early Holocene, when the Littorina Sea (LS, 8–4 cal ka BP) connection with the North Sea via the Danish Straits was formed to replace the Ancylus Lake. The recent, post-Littorina stage (PS, the last 4 cal ka) of the Baltic Sea evolution began in the Late Holocene.


Atlantic Meridional Overturn Circulation Last Glacial Maximum Atlantic Water Younger Dryas Danish Strait 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. V. Ivanova
    • 1
    Email author
  • I. O. Murdmaa
    • 1
  • E. M. Emelyanov
    • 2
  • E. A. Seitkalieva
    • 1
    • 3
  • E. P. Radionova
    • 4
  • G. N. Alekhina
    • 1
  • S. M. Sloistov
    • 1
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Atlantic Department, Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesKaliningradRussia
  3. 3.Department of GeologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Geological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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