, 51:804 | Cite as

Morpho-functional characteristics of bivalve mollusks under the experimental environmental pollution by heavy metals

  • G. A. KolyuchkinaEmail author
  • A. D. Ismailov
Marine Biology


The effects of a week-long exposure to copper sulfate (0.05–5000 mg/l) and cadmium chloride (2 and 10 mg/l) upon the morpho-functional characteristics of the Black Sea bivalve mollusks Anadara cf. inaequivalvis and Chamelea gallina were studied. The changes in the morpho-functional state of mollusks at the impact of these metals are distinguished. These changes included a 60% decrease in the hemocytes’ concentration in the hemolymph and a 5- to 7-fold decline of the hemocyte adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content, along with the appearance in the mollusks of “brown” cells and lipofuscin-like pigment. The exposure to both metals caused similar changes.


Bivalve Mollusk Digestive Gland Hemocyte Mytilus Edulis 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Biological FacultyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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