Advertisement

Oceanology

, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp 397–407 | Cite as

Reconstruction of deep-water conditions in the North Atlantic during MIS 9 based on benthic foraminiferal assemblages

  • S. A. KostygovEmail author
  • E. S. Kandiano
  • H. A. Bauch
Marine Geology

Abstract

Marine isotope stage (MIS) 9 is one of the least investigated Pleistocene interglaciations. The present study describes reconstructions of deep-water conditions during this time interval based on benthic foraminiferal assemblages from sediment core M23414 (Rockall Plateau, North Atlantic). The results of faunal analysis were supported by planktic δ18O, sea surface temperature reconstructions based on planktic foraminiferal assemblages and content of ice rafted debris. Statistical data processing using principal component analysis revealed five climate-related benthic foraminiferal associations that changed in response to alterations of deep-water circulation.

Keywords

Benthic Foraminifera Marine Isotope Stage North Atlantic Deep Water North Atlantic Current Mediterranean Outflow Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    AGIP Foraminiferi Padani (Terziario e Quaternario). Atlante iconografico e distribuzione stratigrafica (Agip Mineraria, SpA, Milano, 1957).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Aagaard, J. Swift, and E. Carmack, “Thermohaline Circulation in the Arctic Mediterranian Seas,” J. Geophys. Res. 90(C3), 4833–4846 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. A. Bauch, Contributions to the Micropaleontology and Paleoceanography of the Northern North Atlantic, Ed. by H. C. Hass et al., (Grzybowski Foundation Special Publication, Krakow, 1997), pp. 83–100.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. A. Bauch, H. Erlenkeuser, S. J. A. Jung, and J. Thiede, “Surface and Deep Water Changes in the Subpolar North Atlantic during Termination II and the Last Interglaciation,” Paleoceanography 15(1), 76–84 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Berger and M. F. Loutre, “An Exceptionally Long Interglacial Ahead?,” Science 297, 1287–1288 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. A. Boyle and L. Keigwin, “North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation during the Last 20.000 Years Linked to High-Latitude Surface Temperature,” Nature, No. 330, 35–40 (1987).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. S. Broeker and G. N. Denton, “The Role of Ocean-Atmosphere Reorganizations in Glacial Cycles,” Quat. Sci. Rev. 9, 305–341 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. S. Broeker, “The Great Ocean Conveyor,” Oceanography 4(2), 79–89 (1991).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. S. Carney, Ecology of Marine Deposit Feeders, Ed. by G. Lopez et al., (Springer, New York, 1989), pp. 24–58.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. H. Corliss and C. Chen, “Morphotype Patterns of Norwegian Sea Deep-Sea Benthic Foraminifera and Ecological Implications,” Geology 16(8), 716–719 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. A. Cushman, Foraminifera. Their Classification and Economic Use (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1959).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Fariduddin and P. Loubere, “The Surface Ocean Productivity Response of Deeper Water Benthic Foraminifera in the Atlantic Ocean,” Mar. Micropaleontology 32(3–4), 289–310 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. J. Gooday, “The Biology of Deep-Sea Foraminifera: A Review of Some Advances and Their Applications in Paleoceanography,” PALAIOS 9(1), 14–31 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. Gudmundsson, “Distributional Limits of Pyrgo Species at the Biogeographic Boundaries of the Arctic and the North-Atlantic Boreal Regions,” J. Foram. Res. 28(3), 240–256 (1998).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. K. Gupta and E. Thomas, “Latest Miocene through Pleistocene Paleoceanographic Evolution of the Northwestern Indian Ocean (DSDP Site 219): Global and Regional Factors,” Paleoceanography, No. 14, 62–73 (1999).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. K. Gupta, “Paleoceanographic and Paleoclimatic History of the Somali Basin during the Pliocene-Pleistocene: Multivariate Analyses of Benthic Foraminifera from DSDP Site 241 (Leg 25),” J. Foram. Res., No. 27, 196–208 (1997).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. P. Helmke and H. A. Bauch, “Glacial-Interglacial Relationship between Carbonate Components and Sediment Reflectance in the North Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 21(1), 16–22 (2001).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. P. Helmke and H. A. Bauch, “Comparison of Glacial and Interglacial Conditions between the Polar and Subpolar North Atlantic Region Over the Last Five Climatic Cycles,” Paleoceanography 18(2), 1036 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. P. Helmke, M. Schulz, and H. A. Bauch, “Sediment-Color Record from the Northeast Atlantic Reveals Patterns of Millenial-Scale Climate Variability during the Past 500000 Years,” Quat. Res., No. 57, 49–57 (2002).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. E. Holbourn and A. S. Henderson, “Re-Illustration and Revised Taxonomy for Selected Deep-Sea Benthic Foraminifers,” Palaeontologia Electronica 4(2) (2002).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. Imbrie, D. J. Hays, D. G. Martinson, et al., “The Orbital Theory of Pleistocene climate: Support from a Revised Chronology of the Marine δ18O Records,” in Milankovitch and Climate, Ed. by A. L. Berger et al. (Reidel Publishing Company, Dodrecht, 1984), pp. 269–305.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. W. Jones, The “Challenger” Foraminifera (Tokyo, 1994).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    E. S. Kandiano and H. A. Bauch, “Surface Ocean Temperatures in the Northeast Atlantic during the Last 500.000 Years: Evidence from Foraminiferal Census Data and Iceberg-Rafted Debris,” Terra Nova 15, 265–271 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    E. S. Kandiano and H. A. Bauch, “Phase Relationship and Surface Water Mass Change in the Northeast Atlantic during Marine Isotope Stage 11 (MIS 11),” Quaternary Res. 68(3), 445–455 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    E. S. Kandiano, H. A. Bauch, and A. V. Gorodinskiy, Dynamics of Warm Water Advection into Northern Latitudes of the North Atlantic during Pronounced Late Quaternary Interglaciations, System of the Laptev Sea and the Adjacent Arctic Seas: Modern and Past Environments, Ed. by H. Kassens et al. (in press).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. E. Klovan and J. Imbrie, “An Algorithm and Fortran IV Program for Large-Scale Q-Mode Factor Analysis and Calculation of Factor Scores,” Mathem. Geol. 3, 61–77 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    P. Linke and G. F. Lutze, “Microhabitat Preferences of Benthic Foraminifera-A Static Concept or a Dynamic Adaptation to Optimize Food Acquisition?,” Mar. Micropaleontol. 20(3–4), 215–234 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. R. Loeblich and H. Tappan, “Studies of Arctic Foraminifera,” Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 121(7), 151 (1953).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. R. Loeblich and H. Tappan, Foraminifera Genera and Their Classification (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1988), Vol. 1–2.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    P. Loubere, “The Surface Ocean Productivity and Bottom Water Oxygen Signals in Deep Water Benthic Foraminiferal Assemblages,” Mar. Micropaleontol 28(3–4), 247–261 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    P. Loubere, “The Impact of Seasonality on the Benthos as Reflected in the Assemblages of Deep-Sea Foraminifera,” Deep Sea Res. Part I. Oceanograph. Res. Pap., 45(2–3), 409–432 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    G. F. Lutze and H. Thiel, “Epibenthic Foraminifera from Elevated Microhabitats: Cibicidoides wuellerstorfi and Planulina ariminensis,” J. Foram. Res. 19, 153–158 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    G. F. Lutze and W. T. Coulbourn, “Recent Benthic Foraminifera from the Continental Margin of Northwest Africa: Community Structure and Distribution,” Mar. Micropaleontol. 8(5), 361–401 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. Lynch-Stieglitz, V. B. Curry, N. Slowey, and G. A. Schmidt, “The Overturning Circulation of the Glacial Atlantic,” in Reconstructing Ocean History, Ed. by F. A. Mix (Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 1999), pp. 7–31.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    B. Martrat, J. O. Grimalt, N. Shackleton, et al., “Four Climate Cycles of Recurring Deep and Surface Water Destabilizations on the Iberian Margin,” Science 317, 502–507 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    J. F. McManus, D. W. Oppo, and J. L. Cullen, “A 0.5Million-Year Record of Millennial-Scale Climate Variability in the North Atlantic,” Science 283, 971–975 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    J. F. McManus, D. W. Oppo, L. D. Keigwin, et al., “Thermohaline Circulation and Prolonged Interglacial Warmth in the North Atlantic,” Quaternary Res. 58, 17–21 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    J. McManus, D. Oppo, J. Cullen, et al., Earth’s Climate and Orbital Eccentricity: The Marine Isotope Stage 11 Question, Ed. by A. W. Droxler et al. (American Geophysical Union Monograph Series, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 69–85.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    K. G. Miller and G. P. Lohmann, “Environmental Distribution of Recent Benthic Foraminifera on the Northeast United States Continental Slope,” Geol. Sot. Am. Bull. 93, 200–206 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    J. W. Murray, “Paleogene and Neogene Benthic Foraminifers from Rockall Plateau,” Init. Rep. DSDP 81, 503–534 (1984).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    J. W. Murray, Ecology and Paleoecology of Benthic Foraminifera (Longman, Harlow, 1991).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    D. W. Oppo, J. F. McManus, and J. L. Cullen, “Evolution and Demise of the Last Interglacial Warmth in the Subpolar North Atlantic,” Quaternary Sci. Rev. 25, 3268–3277 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, et al., “Climate and Atmospheric History of the Past 420.000 Years from the Vostok Ice Core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    U. Pflaumann, M. Sarnthein, M. Chapman, et al., “Glacial North Atlantic: Sea-Surface Conditions Reconstructed by CLAMAP 2000,” Paleoceanography 18(3), 1065, doi: 1010.1029/2002PA000774 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    S. Rahmstorf, “Rapid Climate Transitions in Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model,” Nature, No. 372, 82–85 (1994).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    S. Rahmstorf, “Bifurcations of the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation in Response to Changes in the Hydrological Cycle,” Nature 378, 145–149 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    M. Sarnthein, K. Winn, S. J. A. Jung, et al., “Changes in East Atlantic Deepwater Circulation Over the Last 30.000 Years: Eight Time Slice Reconstructions,” Paleoceanography 9(2), 209–267 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    M. Sarnthein, K. Stattegger, D. Dreger, et al., The Northern North Atlantic: A Changing Environment, Ed. by P. Scháfer et al. (Springer, Berlin, 2001), pp. 365–410.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    G. Schmiedl and A. Mackensen, “Late Quaternary Paleoproductivity and Deep Water Circulation in the Eastern South Atlantic Ocean: Evidence from Benthic Foraminifera,” Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 130, 43–80 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    G. Schmiedl, A. Mackensen, and P. J. Müller, “Recent Benthic Foraminifera from the Eastern South Atlantic Ocean: Dependence on Food Supply and Water Masses,” Mar. Micropaleontol. 32(3–4), 249–287 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    D. Schnitker, “Quaternary Deep-Sea Benthic Foraminifers and Bottom Water Masses,” Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 8, 343–370 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    S. S. Streeter and N. J. Shackleton, “Paleocirculation of the Deep North Atlantic: 150.000 Year Record of Benthic Foraminifera and Oxygen-18,” Science 203, 168–170 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    U. Struck, Contributions to the Micropaleontology and Paleoceanography of the Northern North Atlantic, Ed. by H. C. Haas (Grzybowski Foundation, Krakow, 1997), pp. 51–83.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    G. A. Tarasov and I. A. Pogodina, “New Data on Upper Quaternary Sediments of the Murmansk Rise in the Barents Sea,” Lithol. Miner. Res. 36, 475–479 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    F. P. C. M. van Morkhoven, W. A. Berggren, and A. S. Edwards, “Cenozoic Cosmopolitan Deep-Water Benthic Foraminifera,” Bulletin des Centres Recherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, No. 11, 1–423 (1986).Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    P. Wells, G. Wells, J. Cali, and A. Chivas, “Response of Deep-Sea Benthic Foraminifera to Late Quaternary Climate Changes, Southeast Indian Ocean, Offshore Western Australia,” Mar. Micropaleontol. 23, 185–229 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Kostygov
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. S. Kandiano
    • 2
  • H. A. Bauch
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Geography and GeoecologySaint Petersburg State UniversityPetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR)KielGermany
  3. 3.Mainz Academy of Sciences and LiteratureMainzGermany

Personalised recommendations