, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp 397–407 | Cite as

Reconstruction of deep-water conditions in the North Atlantic during MIS 9 based on benthic foraminiferal assemblages

  • S. A. KostygovEmail author
  • E. S. Kandiano
  • H. A. Bauch
Marine Geology


Marine isotope stage (MIS) 9 is one of the least investigated Pleistocene interglaciations. The present study describes reconstructions of deep-water conditions during this time interval based on benthic foraminiferal assemblages from sediment core M23414 (Rockall Plateau, North Atlantic). The results of faunal analysis were supported by planktic δ18O, sea surface temperature reconstructions based on planktic foraminiferal assemblages and content of ice rafted debris. Statistical data processing using principal component analysis revealed five climate-related benthic foraminiferal associations that changed in response to alterations of deep-water circulation.


Benthic Foraminifera Marine Isotope Stage North Atlantic Deep Water North Atlantic Current Mediterranean Outflow Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Kostygov
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. S. Kandiano
    • 2
  • H. A. Bauch
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Geography and GeoecologySaint Petersburg State UniversityPetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR)KielGermany
  3. 3.Mainz Academy of Sciences and LiteratureMainzGermany

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