Advertisement

Oceanology

, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp 386–396 | Cite as

The Southern Baltic Seas in the Paleogene according to the study of the foraminifera

  • N. P. Lukashina
Marine Geology
  • 57 Downloads

Abstract

The changes in the paleocomplexes of the foraminifera, the remains of other organisms, and the lithological composition of the Paleogene deposits in the Kaliningrad region made it possible to reconstruct the sedimentation conditions during the Paleogene.

In the Early Paleocene, within the territory of the Southern Baltic region, there was a shallow lightly salted bay of the Northwestern European Sea. In the Middle Paleocene, as a result of the intensive but short-lived transgression, it was transformed into a wide normally salted sea basin up to 200 m deep. At the end of the Middle Paleocene, it gradually became shallow, which caused the sea’s disappearance in the Late Paleocene. The new transgression from the west started in the second half of the Middle Eocene, and, after the Mazuro—Belorus Rise and the Poless saddle sank, the South Baltic became a part of the latitudinal communication system that connected the North Atlantic and the Tetis Ocean. The influence of the Tetis Ocean became stronger in the Late Eocene, when the water temperature was the highest in the northern part of the sea bay during the whole Paleogene. In the early Oligocene, the connection of the South Baltic Sea and the Tetis Ocean discontinued, and, in the Late Oligocene, the continental conditions were established in the South Baltic.

Keywords

Eocene Foraminifera Oligocene Paleogene Paleocene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. A. Akhmet’ev, “Climate of the Terrestrial Globe in Paleocene and Eocene According to Geobotanical Data,” in Climate in the Epoch of Significant Biospheric Rearrangements (Nauka, Moscow, 2004), pp. 10–43 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. A. Akhmet’ev and V. N. Ben’yamovskii, “The Paleocene and Eocene in the Russian Part of West Eurasia,” Stratigr. Geol. Korrelyatsiya 14(1), 54–78 (2006) [Stratigr. Geol. Correlation 14 (1), 49–72 (2006)].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. I. Baltakis, “Lithologic Associations and Complexes of Paleogene and Neogene in Southern Baltic Region. Lithology and Geology of Minerals of Southern Baltic Region,” (Tr. Inst. Geol. AN LitSSR, Vilnius, 1966), No. 3, pp. 277–322 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. I. Blazhchishin, Paleogeography and Evolution of Late Quaternary Sedimentogenesis in the Baltic Sea (Yantarnyi Skaz, Kaliningrad, 1998).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. M. Bugrova, “Foraminifera Evolution and Dispersal in the Early Paleogene Postcrisis Epoch,” Stratigr. Geol. Korrelyatsiya 7(2), 54–60 (1999) [Stratigr. Geol. Correlation 7 (2), 154–160 (1999)].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. M. Bugrova, “Stratigraphic and Geographic Distribution of Upper Eocene Foraminifers on the Northern Boundary of the Tetis Basin,” Stratigr. Geol. Korrelyatsiya 9(2), 92–104 (2001).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. A. Grigyalis, “Stratigraphy and Microfauna of Paleocene Sediments in Southwestern Lithuania,” Tr. Inst. Geol. AN LitSSR (Vilnus, 1960), Vol. 12, pp. 33–42 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Geology of Republics of Soviet Baltic Region, Ed. by A. A. Grigyalis (Nedra, Leningrad, 1982) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. A. Grigyalis, V. I. Baltakis, and V. I. Katinas, “Stratigraphy of Paleocene Sediments in the Baltic Region,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol., No. 3, 107–116 (1971).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. A. Grigyalis, A. F. Burlak, V. Yu. Zosimovich, et al., “New Data on the Stratigraphy and Paleogeography of Paleogene Sediments of the Western Regions of the European Part of the USSR: Stratigraphy and Paleogeography,” Ofioliti, No. 12, 40–54 (1988).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. M. Emel’yanov, E. S. Trimonis, and G. S. Kharin, Paleoceanology of the Atlantic Ocean (Nedra, Leningrad, 1989) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. P. Zharkov, L. S. Glikman, A. A. Kaplan, et al., “The Age of the Paleogene of Kaliningrad Oblast,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol., No. 1, 132–135 (1976).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. A. Zagorodnykh, A. V. Dovbnya, and V. A. Zhamoida, Stratigraphy of Kaliningrad (Depart. Prir. Resur. Rossii po Sev.-Zap. Regionu, Kaliningrad, 2001).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. A. Kaplan, A. A. Grigyalis, N. I. Strel’nikova, et al., “Stratigraphy and Correlation of Paleogene Sediments of the Southwestern Areas of the Baltic Region,” Ofioliti, No. 4, 31–43 (1977).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. I. Katinas, Amber-Bearing Terrigenic-Glauconite Formation of Paleogene of the Baltic Region and Belarus. Tectonic, Facia, and Formations of the Western Areas of the East-European Platform (Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    N. V. Koronovskii and A. F. Yakushova, Fundamentals of Geology (Vysshaya shkola, Moscow, 1991) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Geological and Biotic Events of the Late Eocene-Early Oligocene on the Territory of the Former USSR, Part 1, Region 2, Ed. by V.A. Krasheninnikov and M. A. Akhmet’ev (GEOS, Moscow, 1996), pp. 21–30.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. I. Kukuev and K. Ya. Batolyants, “Shark Teeth in Fossils on the Zemland Peninsula Coast,” in Multidisciplinary Study of the Atlantic Ocean Basin (Izd. RGU Im. I.Kanta, Kaliningrad, 2006), pp. 86–91.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. P. Lukashina, “Planktonic Foraminifera in the Baltic Sea,” Okeanologiya 37(1), 97–99 (1997) [Oceanology 37 (1), 89–91 (1997)].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    N. P. Lukashina, “Paleogeography of the Southern Baltic Region in the Late Mesozoic: Implications of Foraminifers,” Stratigr. Geol. Korrelyatsiya 14(2), 65–83 (2006) [Stratigr. Geol. Correlation 14 (3), 283–301 (2006)].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    N. P. Lukashina, Paleoceanology of Northern Atlantic Region in Late Mesozoic and Cainozoic and the Origin of Modern Global Thermohaline Conveyor According to Foraminifera Study Data (Nauchnyi Mir, Moscow, 2008) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. S. Makhnach, R. G. Garetskii, A. V. Matveeva, et al., Geology of Belarus, Ch. 7: Stratigraphy and Lithology of Cainozoic. Paleogene System (Inst. Geol. Nauk NAN Belarusi, Minsk, 2001) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Stratigraphic Scheme of Paleogene Sediments of Ukraine (Naukova dumka, Kiev, 1987), p. 116 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    N. I. Strel’nikova, A. A. Kaplan, and M. A. Travina, “Paleogene Diatoms, Silicofragellates, and Ebridea of Kaliningrad Oblast,” in Morskaya mikropaleontologiya (Nauka, Moscow, 1978), pp. 57–60 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. E. Ulanovskaya and Yu. V. Nevolennyi, “Upper Eocene and Its Boundary with Oligocene in the Azov-Black Sea Region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Geologiya i Razvedka, No. 5, 3–12 (2000).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. V. Fursenko and K. B. Fursenko, “Foraminifera of the Upper Eocene of Belarus and Their Stratigraphic Significance,” in Paleontology and Stratigraphy of BSSR. Collection 3 (Izd. AN BSSR, Minsk, 1961), 246–347 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. S. Kharin, “The Lateritic Weathering Crust on Prespreading Basalts of the Northwestern Atlantic and Norwegian-Greenland Basin,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk 398(3), 366–370 (2004) [Dokl. 398 (7), 913–918 (2004)].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    U. B. Kharlend, A. V. Koks, P. G. Llevelin, et al., Geographic Temporal Scale (Mir, Moscow, 1985) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    W. A. Berggren, “Cenozoic Biostratigraphy and Paleobiogeography of the North Atlantic,” Deep-Sea Drilling Project 12, 965–1002 (1972).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    B. Buchardt, “Oxigen Isotope Paleotemperatures from the Tertiary Period of the North Sea Area,” Nature 275, 121–123 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    E. M. Bugrova, “Recovery of North Caucasus Foraminiferal Assemblages after the Pre-Danian Extinctions,” Biotic Recovery from Mass Extinction Events. Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., No. 102, 337–342 (1996).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. D. Giel, “Kolekcja Stratygraficzno-Paleontologiczna Otwornic Paleocenskich z Nizu Polskiego,” Warszawa. PIG. Coll. DG (1992).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. Grigelis, “Lithostratigraphic Subdivision of the Cretaceous and Paleogene in Lithuania,” Geologija (Vilnius), No. 20, 45–55 (1996).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    A. Grigelis, “Paleogene Subdivision and OligoceneMiocene Bordering Units in the South Baltic Area (Northern Parathetis),” in The 31st Internal Geol. Congress, Rio de Janeiro, 2000 (2000), p. 1179.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    G. S. Kharin, “Cretaceous-Paleogene Phosphorites of the Southern Baltic as Indicators of Water Exchange between Northern Atlantic and Tethys,” Sveriges Geol. Unders (Uppsala, 1977), pp. 87–90.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    G. S. Kharin and N. P. Lukashina, “Criterian for Recognition of Prussian Suite and Prussian Horizon,” in Investigations in Amber (Polska, Gdansk, 1999), pp. 27–32.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Z. Krzowski, “Eocene in Mielnik on the Bug River,” Geol. Quarterly 41, 61–68 (1997).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    “Budowa geologiczna Polski,” in Atlas skamienialosci przewodnich i charakterystycznych. III. Paleogene Ed. by L. Malinowska and M. Piwocki (Warszawa, 1996).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    F. Noetling, “Fauna des Samlandichen Tertiars,” Abh. zur Geol. Specialkarte von Preussen 6(3), 218 (1885).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    E. Odrzywolska-Bienkowa, “Biostratigrafia Paleogenuw Okolicach Chlapowa na Podstawie Microfauny,” Bull. Inst. Geol. Warszawa, 50–63 (1987).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    K. Pozaryska, “Upper Eocene Foraminifera of East Poland and Their Palaeogeographical Meaning,” Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. Warszawa 22(1), 3–54 (1977).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    N. J. Shackleton and A. Boersma, The Climate of the Eocene Ocean, J. Geol. Soc. (London), 138 153–157 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    The Northwest European Tertiary Basin (Geologische Jahrbuch, Hannover, 1988).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    F. Surlyk and E. Hakansson, “Maastrichtian and Danian Strata in the Southeastern Part of the Danish Basin,” Geol. Inst. Copenhagen, 29–57 (1998).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    P. R. Vail and J. Hardenbol, “Sea-Level Changes during the Tertiary,” Oceanus 22, 71–79 (1979).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesKaliningradRussia

Personalised recommendations