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Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 54, Issue 10, pp 1449–1459 | Cite as

Extreme Climatic Events in the Altai-Sayan Region as an Indicator of Powerful Volcanic Eruptions

  • V. V. BarinovEmail author
  • V. S. MyglanEmail author
  • A. V. TaynikEmail author
  • O. Ch. OidupaaEmail author
  • A. R. AgatovaEmail author
  • O. V. Churakova (Sidorova)Email author
Article

Abstract—

Analytic data on anomalies of the tree-ring structure of Siberian larch on the transect, passing through the Russian part of the Altai-Sayan Mountain Region from the west to the east along the top forest limit, are given for the first time. Four extreme events (1783–1785, 1788–1789, 1812–1814, and 1884) have been determined by a microscopic analysis of the anatomic structure of tree rings (identification of frost, light-colored, and missing rings and fluctuations in wood density). These were periods of strong cooling in almost the entire area of the Altai-Sayan Mountain Region. The data correspond to archived historical materials. A comparison of dates of extreme cold periods with data on volcanic eruptions, the emissions of which reached the stratosphere (the Volcanic Explosivity Index VEI ≥ 4), has shown that they coincide with periods of the awakening of volcanoes such as Laki (1783, VEI = 4), Asama (1783, VEI = 4), Etna (1787, VEI = 4), Soufriere (1812, VEI = 4), Awu (1812, VEI = 4), Suvanosedzima (1813, VEI = 4), and Krakatau (1883, VEI = 6). Nevertheless, the trees in the studied area did not respond to the large eruptions of the Tambora (1815, VEI = 7), Novarupta (1912, VEI = 6), and Pinatubo (1991, VEI = 6) volcanoes. This difference in the reaction of forest vegetation to strong volcanic eruptions of the 19th–20th centuries may be explained by changes in the direction and speed of atmospheric streams, the mosaic pattern of stratospheric aerosols in the north of Central Asia after the eruptions of some volcanoes, and the warmer climate in the 20th century (which reduced the sensitivity of trees at the top forest line in the Altai-Sayan Mountain Region to volcanic eruptions due to the upward shift of the temperature limit of forest development).

Keywords:

dendrochronology volcanic eruptions climatic extremes temperature anomalies frost rings light rings changes in annual ring density missing rings the Altai-Sayan Mountain Region 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Dendrochronologic and climatic researches were supported by the Russian Scientific Foundation, project no. 15-14-30011. The assessment of the correlation with volcanic eruptions was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, projects nos. 16-55-76012 ERA_a and 16-05-01035), state tasks nos. 5.6818.2017/6.7 and 5.3508.2017/PCh, and the ERANet RUS plus project no. SNF IZRPZ0_164735.

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Siberian Federal UniversityKrasnoyarskRussia
  2. 2.Tuva State UniversityKyzylRussia
  3. 3.Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  4. 4.Ural Federal UniversityYekaterinburgRussia
  5. 5.Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland

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