A Regression Model of Microwave Emission of a Water Surface at 37.5 GHz
This paper presents the functional dependence of the microwave emission of a rough water surface at a frequency of 37.5 GHz (wavelength of ~8 mm). The MiROSE model (Microwave Rough Ocean Surface Emission model) is based on the experimental studies of the own thermal radio emission of the water surface, which were carried out in 2005 and 2007 on the oceanographic platform of the Black Sea Hydrophysical Experimental Facility of the Russian Academy of Sciences. This paper demonstrates the steps of the simulation for selecting the optimal functions to describe the incident angle, wind, and temperature dependences of the increment of the own water surface emission. The following parameters can be calculated on the basis of the proposed model: the increment of the brightness temperature, radio-brightness contrast, and radio-brightness temperature for horizontal and vertical polarizations of the received emission. The model is applicable to water temperatures ranging from 12.5 to 25°C, wind speeds of 3–13 m/s, and incident angles of 30°–80° measured from the nadir.
Keywords:remote sensing radio-brightness temperature radio-brightness contrast modeling radiometer microwave emission angular dependence of wind-speed sensitivity wind-speed retrieving
This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant no. 15-05-08401_a.
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