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Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 54, Issue 8, pp 805–825 | Cite as

Comprehensive Geological–Geophysical and Botanic Study of the Tectonic Junction Zone between the Katun Ridge and Uimon Depression (Altai Mountains)

  • I. G. BoyarskikhEmail author
  • A. R. Agatova
  • A. I. Kulikova
  • A. I. Bakiyanov
  • M. V. Skaptsov
  • J. Mazeika
Article
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

Areas with large gradients and anomalous variations in geomagnetic and radiation fields have been revealed and mapped at the northwestern foot of the Katun ridge, within an active seismic zone of its junction with the Uimon Depression (Altai Mountains). Six micropopulations of Lonicera caerulea are specified in areas with contrast geophysical parameters. The effect of a combination of undifferentiated geological–geophysical factors related to seismotectonic activity on the intensification of mutation of L. caerulea has been analyzed. It consists of a greater variability of the genome size and higher mitotic activity and frequency of pathological mitoses of seed generation. We have revealed a significant difference between micropopulations of L. caerulea in the genome size and reproductive characteristics (pollen fertility and morphometry; fruit mass; and production, viability, and energy of germination of seeds). A teratic form of L. caerulea (with numerous disturbances of microsporegenesis, resulting in formation of sterile pollen), is revealed in the zone of concentration of the fault network, which is mapped in a magnetometric and radonic survey. Most plants here produce seeds, which cannot germinate or are characterized by very low germination energy.

Keywords:

Lonicera caerulea fault zone seismic activity geomagnetic anomalies radionuclides radon biological effects 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We are grateful to A.A. Emanov (Altai-Sayany Department of the Federal Research Center, Unified Geophysical Service, Russian Academy of Sciences) for providing data on seismic activity of the area under study and to D.V. Metelkin (Trofimuk Institute of Oil and Gas Geology and Geophysics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences) for discussing data from geomagnetic researches.

This work was partially supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 16-34-00199/17.

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. G. Boyarskikh
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. R. Agatova
    • 2
    • 3
  • A. I. Kulikova
    • 1
  • A. I. Bakiyanov
    • 4
  • M. V. Skaptsov
    • 5
  • J. Mazeika
    • 6
  1. 1.Central Siberian Botanical Garden, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  3. 3.Ural Federal UniversityYekaterinburgRussia
  4. 4.Gorno-Altaisk State UniversityGorno-AltaiskRussia
  5. 5.Altai State UniversityBarnaulRussia
  6. 6.State Research Institute Nature Research CentreVilniusLithuania

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