Advertisement

Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 53, Issue 8, pp 769–780 | Cite as

Use of Larch Light Rings for an Evaluation of Volcanic Explosivity Index

  • M. A. Gurskaya
Article

Abstract

Volcanic eruptions lead to a global short-term drop in air temperature, including a shortening of the growing season. A reaction to these short-term climatic changes is the formation of light rings (LRs) in Siberian larches growing in the Siberian Subarctic area. The relationships between mass formation (and spatial spread) of LRs and the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) are shown based on an analysis of larch cores collected at 18 points in the northern forest–tundra from 67°32′ to 167°40′ N. The eruptions with VEI = 6 and higher statistically differ from weaker eruptions by the number of LRs and their spatial distribution. The doubtful dates of several strong eruptions are discussed.

Keywords

Siberian forest tundra larch light rings volcano eruption VEI 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abaimov, A.P., Larch forests and sparse forests of northern Siberia (diversity and specific features of ecology and forest formation), Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Novosibirsk, 1997.Google Scholar
  2. Angiel, P.J. and Dabski, M., Lichenometric ages of the little ice age moraines on King George Island and of the last volcanic activity on Penguin Island (West Antarctica), Geogr. Ann. Ser. A.: Phys. Geogr., 2012, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 395–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baranchikov, Yu.N., Siberian forest insects: Ready for export, in Proceedings of the Exotic Pests of Eastern Forests Conference, Nashville: USDA Forest Service, 1997, pp. 64–70. http://www.invasive.org/symposium/baranchi.html.Google Scholar
  4. Briffa, K., Jones, P., Schweingruber, F., and Osborn, T., Influence of volcanic eruptions on Northern Hemisphere summer temperature over the last 600 years, Nature, 1998, no. 393, pp. 450–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Briffa, K.R., Osborn, T.J., Schweingruber, F.H., Jones, Ph.D., Shiyatov, S.G., and Vaganov, E.A., Tree-ring width and density data around the northern hemisphere. Pt. 2. Spatio–temporal variability and associated climate patterns, The Holocene, 2002, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 759–789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brunstein, F.G., Climatic significance of the bristlecone pine latewood frost ring record at Almagre mountain, Colorado, USA, Arct. Alp. Res., 1996, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 65–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Crowley T., Quinn, T., Taylor, F., Henin, C., and Joannot, P., Evidence for a volcanic cooling signal in a 335-year coral record from New Caledonia, Geophys. Res. Lett., 1997, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 633–639.Google Scholar
  8. Dai, J., Mosley-Thompson, E., and Thompson, L., Ice core evidence for an explosive tropical eruption six years preceding Tambora, J. Geophys. Res., 1991, vol. 96, no. D9, pp. 17361–17366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. D’Arrigo, R. and Jacoby, G., Northern North American tree-ring evidence for regional temperature changes after major volcanic events, Clim. Change, 1999, no. 41, pp. 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. D’Arrigo, R., Wilson, R., and Tudhope, A., The impact of volcanic forcing on tropical temperatures during the past four centuries, Nature Geosci., 2009, no. 2, pp. 51–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. D’Arrigo, R., Wilson, R., and Anchukaitis, K.J., Volcanic cooling signal in tree ring temperature records for the past millennium, J. Geophys. Res., 2013, no. 118, pp. 9000–9010.Google Scholar
  12. Delwaide, A., Filion, L., and Payette, S., Spatiotemporal distribution of light rings in subarctic black spruce, Quebec, Can. J. For. Res., 1991, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 1828–1832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Esper, J., Buentgen, U., Luterbacher, J., and Krusic, P.J., Testing the hypothesis of postvolcanic missing rings in temperature sensitive dendrochronological data, Dendrochronologia, 2013, vol. 31, pp. 216–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Filion, L., Payette, S., Gauthier, L., and Boutin, Y., Light rings in sub-arctic conifers as a dendrochronological tool, Quat. Res., 1986, no. 26, pp. 272–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fritts, H.C., Tree Rings and Climate, London: Academic, 1976.Google Scholar
  16. Gao, C.C., Robock, A., and Ammann, C., Volcanic forcing of climate over the past 1500 years: An improved ice core-based index for climate models, J. Geophys. Res., 2008, no. 113. doi 10.1029/2008JD010239Google Scholar
  17. Girardin, M.P., Tardif, J.C., Epp, B., and Conciatori, F., Frequency of cool summers in interior North America over the past three centuries, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2009, vol. 36, no. 7.Google Scholar
  18. Gurskaya, M.A., Hallinger, M., Eckstein, D., and Wilmking, M., Extreme cold summers in Western Siberia derived from light rings of conifers, Phyton, 2012, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 101–119.Google Scholar
  19. Gurskaya, M.A. and Agafonov, L.I., Reconstruction of short vegetation seasons at the north of western Siberia on chronology of circannual rings, Izv. Ross. Akad. Nauk: Ser. Geogr., 2013, no. 1, pp. 42–53.Google Scholar
  20. Gurskaya, M.A. and Ben’kova, V.E., Types of light rings in Larix sibirica Ledeb. and L. Gmelinii (Rupr.) Rupr. in the upper forest boundary in the Urals–Siberian Subarctic region, Bot. Zh., 2013, vol. 98, no. 8, pp. 103–120.Google Scholar
  21. Hantemirov, R.M., Gorlanova, L.A., and Shiyatov, S.G., Extreme temperature events in summer in Northwest Siberia since AD 742 inferred from tree rings, Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 2004, vol. 209, pp. 155–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Holmes, R.L., Computer-assisted quality control in treering dating and measurement, Tree-Ring Bull., 1983, vol. 43, pp. 69–78. http://www.bgs.ac.uk/vogripa. http://www.volcano.si.edu.Google Scholar
  23. Jacoby, G.C., Workman, K.W., and D’Arrigo, R.D., Laki eruption of 1783, tree rings, and disaster for North-West Alaska Inuit, Quat. Sci. Rev., 1999, vol. 18, pp. 1365–1371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jones, P.D., Briffa, K.R., and Schweingruber, F.N., Tree ring evidence of the widespread effects of explosive volcanic eruptions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 1995, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 1333–1336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kaennel, M. and Schweingruber, F.H., Multilingual Glossary of Dendrochronology, Bern: Paul Haupt Publ., 1996.Google Scholar
  26. Körner, C., Krusic, P.J., Luckman, B., Melvin, T.M., Salzer, M.W., Shashkin, A.V., Timmreck, C., Kurbatov, A.V., Zielinski, G.A., Dunbar, N.W., Mayewski, P.A., Meyerson, E.A., Sneed, S.B., and Taylor, K.C., A 12,000 year record of explosive volcanism in the Siple Dome Ice Core, West Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos., 2006, vol. 111, no. D12, p. 27.Google Scholar
  27. Kurbatov, A.V., Zielinsky, G.A., Dunbar, N.V., Mayewski, P.A., Meyerson, E.A., Sneed, S.B., and Taylor, K.C., A 12000 year record of explosive volcanism in the Siple Dome Ice Core, West Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos., 2006, vol. 111, no. D12.Google Scholar
  28. LaMarch, V.C. and Hirschboeck, K.K., Frost rings in trees as records of major volcanic eruptions, Nature, 1984, vol. 307, pp. 121–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Newhall, C.A. and Self, S., The volcanic explosivity index (VEI): An estimate of the explosive magnitude for historical volcanism, J. Geophys. Res., 1982, vol. 87, pp. 1231–1238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rinn, F., TSAP time series analysis and presentation, version 3.0, reference manual, Heidelberg: Frank Rinn Co, 1996.Google Scholar
  31. Robock, A., Volcanic eruptions and climate, Rev. Geophys., 2000, vol. 38, pp. 191–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Salzer, M. and Hughes, M., Bristlecone pine tree rings and volcanic eruptions over the last 5000 yr, Quat. Res., 2007, vol. 67, pp. 57–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schneider, D.P., Ammann, C.M., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., and Kaufman, D.S., Climate response to large, high-latitude and low-latitude volcanic eruptions in the community climate system model, J. Geophys. Res., 2009, vol. 114, D15101.Google Scholar
  34. Schweingruber, F.H., Wood Structure and Environment, Berlin: Springer, 2007.Google Scholar
  35. Siebert, L., Simkin, T., and Kimberly, P., Volcanoes of the World, Berkeley: Univ. of California, 2010.Google Scholar
  36. Sigl, M., McConnell, J.R., Layman, L., Maselli, O., McGwire, K., Pasteris, D., Dahl-Jensen, D., Steffensen, J.P., Vinther, B., Edwards, R., Mulvaney, R., and Kipfstuhl, S., A new bipolar ice core record of volcanism from WAIS divide and NEEM and implications for climate forcing of the last 2000 years, J. Geophys. Res., 2013, vol. 118, pp. 1151–1169.Google Scholar
  37. Sigl, M., Winstrup, M., McConnell, J.R., Welten, K.C., Plunkett, G., Ludlow, F., Buentgen, U., Caffee, M., Chellman, N., Dahl-Jensen, D., Fischer, H., Kipfstuhl, S., Kostick, C., Maselli, O.J., Mekhaldi, F., Mulvaney, R., Muscheler, R., Pasteris, D.R., Pilcher, J.R., Salzer, M., Schuepbach, S., Steffensen, J.P., Vinther, B.M., and Woodruff, T.E., Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2500 years, Nature, 2015, vol. 523, pp. 543–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Srednyaya Sibir’: Prirodnye usloviya i estestvennye resursy SSSR (Middle Siberia: The Natural Conditions and Natural Resources of the USSR), Moscow: Nauka, 1965.Google Scholar
  39. Stothers, R.B., Volcanic dry fogs, climate cooling, and plague pandemics in Europe and the Middle East, Clim. Change, 1999, vol. 42, pp. 713–723.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Vaganov, E.A., Shiyatov, S.G., and Mazepa, V.S., Dendroklimaticheskie issledovaniya v Uralo-Sibirskoi Subarktike (Dendrochronological Studies in the Urals–Siberian Subarctic Region), Novosibirsk: SO RAN, 1996.Google Scholar
  41. Vaganov, E.A. and Wilson, R.J.S., Tree rings and volcanic cooling, Nature Geosci., 2012, vol. 5, pp. 836–837.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Yakutiya: Prirodnye usloviya i estestvennye resursy SSSR (Yakutia: The Natural Conditions and Natural Resources of the USSR), Moscow: Nauka, 1965.Google Scholar
  43. Yamaguchi, D.K., New tree-ring dates for recent eruptions of Mount St. Helens, Quat. Res., 1983, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 246–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yamaguchi, D.K., Tree-ring evidence for a two-year interval between recent prehistoric explosive eruptions of Mount St. Helens, Geology, 1985, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 554–557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Yamaguchi, D.K., Filion, L., and Savage, M., Relationship of temperature and light ring formation at subarctic treeline and implications for climate reconstruction, Quat. Res., 1993, vol. 3, pp. 256–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zapadnaya Sibir’: Prirodnye usloviya i estestvennye resursy SSSR (West Siberia: The Natural Conditions and Natural Resources of the USSR), Moscow: AN SSSR, 1963.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia

Personalised recommendations