Advertisement

Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 53, Issue 7, pp 711–718 | Cite as

Heavy Metals in the Atmosphere over the Northern Coast of Eurasia: Interannual Variations in Winter and Summer

  • A. A. Vinogradova
  • Yu. A. Ivanova
Article
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

Interannual variations in the level of anthropogenic contamination of the surface air in the northern areas of Russia are studied, which are related to a change in the direction of air mass transport. The transport of air and heavy metals to four sites located on territories of nature reserves on the coast of the Arctic Ocean (from the Kola Peninsula to a delta of the Lena River) in winter (January) and summer (July) is analyzed for 2000–2013. Indices of atmospheric circulation and data on the emission of pollutants into the atmosphere in cities and regions of Russia are involved in the analysis. Concentrations of seven heavy metals in the surface air are evaluated in the Arctic regions under study and their interannual, spatial, and seasonal variations are discussed. A strong interannual variability of atmospheric circulation differently influences the variations in the atmosphere contamination with different anthropogenic heavy metals in various areas of the north of Russia. The concentration ratios of heavy metals under study are different for each site in different years. The interannual and seasonal variations in the contamination level have maximum values for heavy metals arriving from most distant sources. Thus, the results of measuring the content of anthropogenic contaminants in the air of reference areas during one season or even one year should not serve a basis for longterm conclusions and forecasts. It would be also unjustified to make general conclusions on the contamination level of the environment from observation results for only one contaminant and/or only at a single site.

Keywords

environment Russian Arctic nature reserves heavy metals long-range atmospheric transport anthropogenic sources interannual variations seasonal variations 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ezhegodnik vybrosov zagryaznyayushchikh veshchestv v atmosfernyi vozdukh gorodov i regionov Rossiiskoi Federatsii za 2010 god (Yearbook of Pollutant Emissions into the Atmospheric Air of Towns and Regions of the Russian Federation), Nedre, A.Yu, Ed., St. Petersburg: NII Atmosfera, 2011 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. Hirdman, D., Sodemann, H., Eckhardt, S., Burkhart, J.F., Jefferson, A., Mefford, T., Quinn, P.K., Sharma, S., Strom, J., and Stohl, A., Source identification of shortlived air pollutants in the Arctic using statistical analysis of measurement data and particle dispersion model output, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2010, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 669–693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Panofsky, H.A. and Brier, G.W., Some Applications of Statistics to Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University, 1968; Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1972.Google Scholar
  4. Persistent Toxic Substances, Food Security and Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North: Final Report, Oslo: AMAP, 2004.Google Scholar
  5. Rovinskii, F.Ya., Gromov, S.A., Burtseva, L.V., and Paramonov, S.G., Heavy metals: Long-range transport in the atmosphere and precipitation scavenging, Meteorol. Gidrol., 1994, no. 10, pp. 5–14.Google Scholar
  6. Travnikov, O., Ilyin, I., Rozovskaya, O., Varygina, M., Aas, W., Uggerud, H.T., Mareckova, K., and Wankmueller, R., Long-term changes of heavy metal transboundary pollution of the environment (1990–2010): EMEP status rep. 2/2012. http://www.msceast.org.Google Scholar
  7. Vinogradova, A.A., Microelements in Arctic aerosol (review), Izv. Akad. Nauk: Fiz. Atmos. Okeana, 1993, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 437–456.Google Scholar
  8. Vinogradova A.A., Maksimenkov, L.O., and Pogarskii, F.A., Atmospheric transport of anthropogenic heavy metals from the Kola Peninsula to the surfaces of the White and Barents seas, Izv., Atmos. Ocean. Phys., 2008, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 753–762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Vinogradova, A.A. and Ponomareva, T.Ya., Atmospheric transport of anthropogenic impurities to the Russian Arctic (1986–2010), Atmos. Oceanic Opt., 2012, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 414–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Vinogradova, A.A., Distant assessment of the impact of atmospheric pollution on remote territory, Geofiz Protsessy Biosfera, 2014a, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 5–20.Google Scholar
  11. Vinogradova, A.A., Seasonal and long-term variations in atmospheric circulation indices and air mass transport to the Russian Arctic, Opt Atmos. Okeana, 2014b, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 463–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Vinogradova, A.A., Pb and Cd flows from the atmosphere to the surface in the European territory of Russia according to the European Monitoring and Evaluation Program (EMEP) data, Mezhdunar. Zh. Prikl. Fundam. Issled., 2015, no. 12, pp. 111–115.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations