Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 51, Issue 9, pp 992–998 | Cite as

Mapping urban heat islands of arctic cities using combined data on field measurements and satellite images based on the example of the city of Apatity (Murmansk Oblast)

  • P. I. Konstantinov
  • M. Y. Grishchenko
  • M. I. Varentsov
Satellite Monitoring of the State of Ecosystems in Arctic Region

Abstract

This article presents the results of a study of the urban heat island (UHI) in the city of Apatity during winter that were obtained according to the data of field meteorological measurements and satellite images. Calculations of the surface layer temperature have been made based on the surface temperature data obtained from satellite images. The experimental data on air temperature were obtained as a result of expeditionary meteorological observations, and the experimental data on surface temperature were obtained based on the data of the space hyperspectral Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) system, channels 31 and 32 (10.78–11.28 and 11.77–12.27 micrometers, respectively). As a result of the analysis of temperature fields, an intensive heat island (up to 3.2°C) has been identified that was estimated based on the underlying surface temperature, and its mean intensity over the observation period significantly exceeds the representative data for European cities in winter. It has also been established that the air temperature calculated according to the MODIS data is systematically higher under winter conditions than the air temperature from direct measurement data.

Keywords

urban heat island Apatity field meteorological measurements thermal satellite images microclimatology MODIS 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. I. Konstantinov
    • 1
  • M. Y. Grishchenko
    • 1
  • M. I. Varentsov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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