Comparison between refraction angles measured in the Microlab-1 experiment and calculated on the basis of an atmospheric general circulation model
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The differences between the refraction angles measured and calculated for the reanalyses of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts were statistically analyzed on the basis of 64 radio occultation events recorded by the Microlab-1 satellite. It is shown that, for minimum ray heights below 20 km, the main contribution to the differences is made by spatial refractive-index fluctuations neglected by the model. The power spectral density of these fluctuations is mainly concentrated within the vertical wave-number range 0.5–10 rad/km. For heights above 30 km, the deviations are mainly determined by ionospheric disturbances and may vary several times during changes of the site and time of observations. This suggests that the results of satellite radio-occultation sounding of the neutral atmosphere can be used as an indirect quantitative estimate of local discrepancies between the actual field of the refractive index and its values calculated on the basis of a hydrodynamic atmospheric general circulation model.
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