Optical vortices in low-mode fibers: III. Dislocation reactions, phase transitions, and topological birefringence
- Cite this article as:
- Volyar, A.V., Zhilaitis, V.Z. & Fadeeva, T.A. Opt. Spectrosc. (2000) 88: 397. doi:10.1134/1.626809
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Topological birefringence of waves in optical fibers resulting from the spin-orbit interaction in the field of optical vortices is manifested, as a rule, in the form of Rytov-Magnus unified optical effect. At the same time, the field transformations caused by this effect are not explicitly related to the evolution of phase dislocations of longitudinal and transverse components of the electric and the magnetic fields. This relation can be provided by the dislocation reactions proposed by Berry. As opposed to the Berry’s approach, where dislocation reactions at the wavefront surface are considered, it is suggested in this work that topological reactions at the specific characteristic surface of the wave field formed by the coordinate representation of the transverse components of the Poynting vector be considered. Using the action of topological birefringence in a low-mode optical fiber as an example, it is shown that the course of a topological reaction in a vector optical field is accompanied by rigorous conservation of the total topological index of the characteristic surface and does not depend on the presence of an interface (where topological charges can originate and annihilate). The total topological index of a dislocation reaction is found to be equal to the absolute value of the sum of the topological charge and the spirality of the vector wave field.