Role of the curvature of atomic layers in electron field emission from graphitic nanostructured carbon
Layers of oriented carbon nanotubes and nanometer-size plate-shaped graphite crystallites are obtained by chemical vapor deposition in a glow-discharge plasma. A structural-morphological investigation of a carbon material consisting of nanotubes and nanocrystallites is performed, and the field-emission properties of the material are also investigated. It is shown that electron field emission is observed in an electric field with average intensity equal to or greater than 1.5 V/μm. The low fields giving rise to electron emission can be explained by a decrease in the electronic work function as a result of the curvature of the atomic layers of graphitic carbon.
PACS numbers79.70.+q 73.61.Tm 81.15.Gh 36.40.−c
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