Fermionic entropy of the vortex state in d-wave superconductors
In d-wave superconductors the electronic entropy associated with an isolated vortex diverges logarithmically with the size of the system even at low temperatures. In the vortex array the entropy per vortex per layer, S V , is much larger than k B and depends on the distribution of the velocity field v s around the vortex. If there is a first-order transition upon a change of the velocity distribution, then there will be a big entropy jump ΔS V ∼k B at the transition. This entropy jump comes from the electronic degrees of freedom on the vortex background, which is modified by the vortex transition. This can explain the big jump in the entropy observed in the so-called vortex-melting transition [A. Junod, M. Roulin, J-Y. Genoud et al., Physica C, to be published], in which the vortex array and thus the velocity field are redistributed. The possibility of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in the 3-dimensional d-wave superconductor due to the fermionic bound states in the vortex background is discussed.
PACS numbers74.20.−z 74.72.−h
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