Fermions at a half-quantum vortex
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The spectrum of the fermion zero modes in the vicinity of a vortex with fractional winding number is discussed. This is inspired by the observation of the 1/2-vortex in high-temperature superconductors made by [J.R. Kirtley, C.C. Tsuei, M. Rupp et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1336 (1996)]. The fractional value of the winding number leads to a frac-tional value of the invariant which describes the topology of the energy spectrum of fermions. This results in the phenomenon of the “half-crossing:” the spectrum approaches zero but does not cross it, being captured at the zero energy level. The similarity with the phenomenon of fermion condensation is discussed.
KeywordsSpectroscopy Vortex State Physics Energy Level Elementary Particle
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