Helical ordering of hydrogen bonds between pairs of DNA bases
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The interaction between hydrogen bonds and conformational elastic degrees of freedom has been investigated using the simplest model of a double-strand DNA molecule. The hydrogen bonds are described in terms of two-level quantum systems. After excluding conformational degrees of freedom, one has effective interaction among two-level systems. In the ground state of an ideal double helix, hydrogen bonds in a DNA molecule also have a helical order induced by conformational degrees of freedom. The pitch of the hydrogen-bond helix (and even its sign under certain conditions) is different from that of the basic helix pitch and, generally speaking, is incommensurate with the latter. This effect can, possibly, lead to an inversion of the sign of the circular dichroism in spectral bands, which was detected in some experiments.
KeywordsHydrogen Bond Field Theory Elementary Particle Quantum Field Theory Circular Dichroism
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