Astronomy Letters

, Volume 31, Issue 12, pp 792–805 | Cite as

Optical observations of type-IIP supernova 2004dj: Evidence for asymmetry of the 56Ni ejecta

  • N. N. Chugai
  • S. N. Fabrika
  • O. N. Sholukhova
  • V. P. Goranskij
  • P. K. Abolmasov
  • V. V. Vlasyuk


Photometric and spectroscopic observations of the nearby type-IIP supernova 2004dj are presented. The 56Ni mass in the envelope of SN 2004dj was estimated from the light curve to be ≈0.02M. This estimate is confirmed by modeling the Hα luminosity. The Hα emission line exhibits a strong asymmetry characterized by the presence of a blue component in the line with a shift of −1600 km s−1 at the early nebular phase. A similar asymmetry was found in the Hβ, [O I], and [Ca II] lines. The line asymmetry is interpreted as being the result of asymmetric 56Ni ejecta. The Hα profile and its evolution are reproduced in the model of an asymmetric bipolar 56Ni structure for a spherical hydrogen distribution. The mass of the front 56Ni jet is comparable to that of the central component and twice that of the rear 56Ni jet. We point out that the asymmetric bipolar structure of 56Ni ejecta is also present in SN 1999em, a normal type-IIP supernova.

Key words

supernovae and supernova remnants 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. N. Chugai
    • 1
  • S. N. Fabrika
    • 2
  • O. N. Sholukhova
    • 2
  • V. P. Goranskij
    • 2
  • P. K. Abolmasov
    • 3
  • V. V. Vlasyuk
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of AstronomyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Special Astrophysical ObservatoryRussian Academy of SciencesKarachai-Cherkessian Republic, Nizhnii ArkhyzRussia
  3. 3.Sternberg Astronomical InstituteMoscowRussia

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