Optics and Spectroscopy

, Volume 99, Issue 3, pp 357–361 | Cite as

Creation of an effective magnetic field in ultracold atomic gases using electromagnetically induced transparency

  • G. Juzeliunas
  • P. Öhberg
Quantum Optics and Informatics with Single Atoms and Atomic Ensembles

Abstract

We consider the influence of the control and probe beams in the electromagnetically induced transparency configuration on the mechanical motion of ultracold atomic gases (atomic Bose-Einstein condensates or degenerate Fermi gases). We carry out a microscopic analysis of the interplay between radiation and matter and show that the two beams of light can provide an effective magnetic field acting on electrically neutral atoms in the case where the probe beam has an orbital angular momentum. As an example, we demonstrate how a Meissner-like effect can be created in an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    L. Pitaevskii and S. Stringari, Bose-Einstein Condensation (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2003).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    U. Leonhardt, T. Kiss, and P. Öhberg, Phys. Rev. A 67, 033602 (2003).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. DeMarco and D. Jin, Science 285, 1703 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Z. Hadzibabic, S. Gupta, C. Stan, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 160 401 (2003).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Tilley and J. Tilley, Superfluidity and Superconductivity (Inst. of Physics, Bristol, 1990).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Juzeliunas and P. Öhberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 033602 (2004).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. Behrooz, Nature 397, 594 (1999).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Budker, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, and V. Yashuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1767 (1999).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    U. Leonhardt and P. Piwnicki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 822 (2000).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Artoni and I. Carusotto, Phys. Rev. A 67, 011602 (2003).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. Juzeliunas, M. Maíalas, and M. Fleischhauer, Phys. Rev. A 67, 023809 (2003).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Fleischhauer and M. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Allen, M. Padgett, and M. Babiker, Prog. Opt. 39, 291 (1999).MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Inst. of Physics, Bristol, 2003).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. Arimondo, Prog. Opt. 35, 259 (1996).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Harris, Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaja, Y. Rostovtsev, et al., Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 46, 191 (2001).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Lukin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457 (2003).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    D. Butts and D. Rokshar, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4346 (1997).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    M.-O. Mewes, D. Ferrari, F. Schreck, et al., Phys. Rev. A 61, 011403 (2000).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. Juzeliunas and M. Masalas, Phys. Rev. A 63, 061602 (2001).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Babiker, C. Bennett, D. Andrews, and L. D. Romero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143601 (2002).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E. M. Wright, Phys. Rev. A 63, 063602 (2001).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    E. M. Wright, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, Phys. Rev. A 63, 013608 (2001).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Leach, E. Yao, and M. Padgett, New J. Phys. 6, 71 (2004).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    C. J. Pethick and H. Smith, Bose-Einstein Condensation in Dilute Gases (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2002).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Y. Shin, M. Saba, M. Vengalattore, et al., cond-mat/0407045 (2004).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    C. Garvie, E. Riis, and A. S. Arnold, Laser Spectroscopy XVIP, Ed. by Hannaford et al. (World Scientifc, Singapore, 2004).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    C. Regal, M. Greiner, and D. Jin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 040 403 (2004).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    D. McGloin, G. Spalding, H. Melville, et al., Opt. Express 11, 158 (2003).ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    P. Öhberg, Phys. Rev. A 66, 021603 (2002).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Juzeliunas
    • 1
  • P. Öhberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Vilnius University Research Institute of Theoretical Physics and AstronomyVilniusLithuania
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations