Electronic, structural, and thermal properties of a nanocable consisting of carbon and BN nanotubes
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The band structure and thermal behavior of a coaxial C/BN nanocable (5,5)C@(17,0)BN consisting of a carbon nanotube and a boron nitride nanotube have been studied using a tight-binding approximation based on density functional theory. The system is stable up to T∼3500–3700 K. As the temperature increases, deformations of the BN tube begin earlier than those of the carbon tube. The near-Fermi states of the nanocable are formed by the overlapping π-π* bands of the carbon tube, and the outer BN nanotube (the nanocable sheath) is an insulator with a bandgap of ∼4 eV. The electronic properties of the nanocable (the metallic-type conductivity of the C tube and the insulating character of the BN tube) are retained over the entire temperature interval.
PACS numbers61.46.+w 73.22.+i 85.35.Kt
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