Radial pulsations of helium stars with masses from 10 to 50M⊙
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We have performed hydrodynamic calculations of the radial pulsations of helium stars with masses 10M⊙ ≤ M ≤ 50M⊙, luminosity-to-mass ratios 5 × 103L⊙/M⊙ ≤ L/M ≤ 2.5 × 104L⊙/M⊙, and effective temperatures 2 × 104 K ≤ Teff ≤ 105 K for helium and heavy-element mass fractions of Y=0.98 and Z=0.02, respectively. We show that the high-temperature boundary of the instability region for radial pulsations at L/M ≳ 104L⊙/M⊙ extends to Teff≈105 K. The amplitude of the velocity variations for outer layers is several hundred km s−1, while the brightness variations in the B band of the UBV photometric system are within the range from several hundredths to half a magnitude. At constant luminosity-to-mass ratio, the radial pulsation period is determined only by the effective temperature of the star. In the ranges of luminosity-to-mass ratios 104L⊙/M⊙ ≤ L/M ≤ 2 × 104L⊙/M⊙ and effective temperatures 5 × 104 K ≤ Teff ≤ 9 × 104 K, the periods of the radial modes are within 6 min ≲Π≲103 min.
Key wordsstars—variable and peculiar stellar pulsations helium stars Wolf-Rayet stars
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