Physics of Atomic Nuclei

, Volume 66, Issue 6, pp 1137–1145

New outlook on the possible existence of superheavy elements in nature

  • A. Marinov
  • S. Gelberg
  • D. Kolb
  • R. Brandt
  • A. Pape
Article

Abstract

A consistent interpretation is given to some previously unexplained phenomena seen in nature in terms of the recently discovered long-lived high-spin super-and hyperdeformed isomeric states. The Po halos seen in mica are interpreted as being due to the existence of such isomeric states in corresponding Po or nearby nuclei that eventually decay by γ or β decay to the ground states of 210Po, 214Po, and 218Po nuclei. The low-energy 4.5-MeV α-particle group observed in several minerals is interpreted as being due to a very enhanced α transition from the third minimum of the potential-energy surface in a superheavy nucleus with atomic number Z=108 (Hs) and atomic mass number around 271 to the corresponding minimum in the daughter.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    V. M. Strutinsky, Yad. Fiz. 3, 614 (1964) [Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 3, 449 (1964)].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. D. Myers and W. J. Swiatecki, Nucl. Phys. 81, 1 (1966).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Sobiczewski, F. A. Gareev, and B. N. Kalinkin, Phys. Lett. 22, 590 (1966).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. M. Strutinsky, Nucl. Phys. A 95, 420 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. L. Wong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 328 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yu. A. Muzychka, V. V. Pashkevich, and V. M. Strutinsky, Preprint No. R7-3733, JINR (Joint Inst. for Nucl. Res., Dubna, 1968).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. G. Nilsson, J. R. Nix, A. Sobiczewski, et al., Nucl. Phys. A 115, 545 (1968).ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Grumann, U. Mosel, B. Fink, and W. Greiner, Z. Phys. 228, 371 (1969).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. H. Henderson and F. W. Sparks, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 173, 238 (1939).ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. V. Gentry, Science 160, 1228 (1968).ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. V. Gentry, Creation’s Tiny Mystery (Earth Sci. Associates, Knoxville, Tennessee, 1992).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. V. Cherdyntsev and V. F. Mikhailov, Geochemistry, No. 1, 1 (1963).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. D. Chery, K. A. Richardson, and J. A. S. Adams, Nature 202, 639 (1964).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    V. V. Cherdyntsev, V. L. Zverev, V. M. Kuptsov, and G. I. Kislitsina, Geochemistry, No. 4, 355 (1968).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Meier, W. Albrecht, D. Börche, et al., Z. Naturforsch. 25, 79 (1970).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. Joly, J. Phil. Mag. 13, 381 (1907).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    O. Mugge, Zent. Mineral. 1907, 397 (1907).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    N. Feather, Cumm. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, No. 11, 147 (1978).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Möller, J. R. Nix, and K.-L. Kratz, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 66, 131 (1997).ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Koura, M. Uno, T. Tachibana, and M. Yamada, Nucl. Phys. A 674, 47 (2000); RIKEN-AF-NP-394 (2001).ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Liran, A. Marinov, and N. Zeldes, Phys. Rev. C 62, 047301 (2000); nucl-th/0102055.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. E. Viola, Jr. and G. T. Seaborg, J. Inorg. Nucl Chem. 28, 741 (1966).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    G. Royer, J. Phys. G 26, 1149 (2000).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. Marinov, S. Gelberg, D. Kolb, and J. L. Weil, Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 10, 209 (2001).ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. Marinov, C. J. Batty, A. I. Kilvington, et al., Nature 229, 464 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. Marinov, S. Gelberg, and D. Kolb, Mod. Phys. Lett. A 11, 861 (1996).ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. Marinov, S. Gelberg, and D. Kolb, Mod. Phys. Lett. A 11, 949 (1996).ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Marinov, S. Gelberg, and D. Kolb, Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 10, 185 (2001).ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. Marinov, S. Gelberg, D. Kolb, et al., in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Exotic Nuclei and Atomic Masses, Hämeenlinna, Finland, 2001, Ed. by J. Äysto et al., p. 380.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. Marinov, S. Eshhar, and D. Kolb, Phys. Lett. B 191, 36 (1987).ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    W. Satula, S. Ćwiok, W. Nazarewicz, et al., Nucl. Phys. A 529, 289 (1991).ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. J. Krieger, P. Bonche, M. S. Weiss, et al., Nucl. Phys. A 542, 43 (1992).ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    G. Audi and A. H. Wapstra, Nucl. Phys. A 565, 66 (1993).ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. Fernández-Neillo, C. H. Dasso, and S. Landowne, Comput. Phys. Commun. 54, 409 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    S. Raman, C. H. Malarkey, W. T. Milner, et al., At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 36, 1 (1987).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    W. M. Howard and P. Möller, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 25, 219 (1980).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    W. Nazarewicz, Phys. Lett. B 305, 195 (1993).ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    S. Ćwiok, W. Nazarewicz, J. X. Saladin, et al., Phys. Lett. B 322, 304 (1994).ADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. Krasznahorkay, M. Hunyadi, M. N. Haraken, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2073 (1998).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    W. Nazarewicz and I. Ragnarsson, Handbook of Nuclear Properties, Eds. by D. N. Poenaru and W. Greiner (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1996), p. 80.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    S. Hofmann, V. Ninov, F. P. Hessberger, et al., Z. Phys. A 354, 229 (1996).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    A. Marinov, S. Gelberg, and D. Kolb, in Conference “Nuclei Far from Stability/Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants,” 1992, p. 437.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    R. B. Firestone, V. S. Shirley, C. M. Baglin, et al., Table of Isotopes (Wiley-Interscience, 1996).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    S. G. Nilsson, G. Ohlén, C. Gustafsson, and P. Möller, Phys. Lett. B 30B, 437 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica" 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Marinov
    • 1
  • S. Gelberg
    • 1
  • D. Kolb
    • 2
  • R. Brandt
    • 3
  • A. Pape
    • 4
  1. 1.Racah Institute of PhysicsHebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity GH KasselGermany
  3. 3.Kernchemie, Philipps UniversityMarburgGermany
  4. 4.IReS-UMR7500, IN2P3-CNRS/ULPStrasbourgFrance

Personalised recommendations