Self-organization in the formation of a nanoporous carbon material
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A new mechanism of nanopore formation in carbon materials produced by the interaction of car-bides with chlorine is proposed. In essence, this method is the following. A series of nonlinear chemical reactions proceed in the course of a chemical interaction between chlorine and a carbide. If the external parameters, the component fluxes, and the diffusion rates satisfy certain relations, the self-organization process can occur. This process results in the creation of a periodic nanoporous structure in the carbon material formed. A mathematical model is proposed, the main characteristics of the process are calculated, and the restrictions on the parameters at which the formation of the porous structure becomes possible are found.
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