Technical Physics

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 88–93 | Cite as

The design of a Λ-HFS magnetometer

  • A. K. Vershovskii
  • A. S. Pazgalev
  • E. B. Aleksandrov
Experimental Instruments and Techniques


The design of a new quantum magnetometer for geomagnetic fields, an outgrowth of the idea of the so-called HFS magnetometer that uses microwave transitions between hyperfine sublevels of alkaline atoms, is presented. In contrast to the ordinary HFS magnetometer, which measures the frequency difference of two independent transitions, the new Λ-HFS magnetometer is based on the excitation of two transitions with a common level. The design under discussion retains the principal advantages of the prototype (negligible systematic errors and the absence of dead zones for a single sensor), with the electronic circuits being simplified significantly and the requirements on the short-term frequency stability of the reference oscillator being relaxed substantially. An analysis of the new scheme is based on the solution of the equation for the density matrix of a multilevel system without constraints on the power of the microwave fields.


Microwave Systematic Error Density Matrix Frequency Difference Electronic Circuit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    E. B. Aleksandrov and A. B. Mamyrin, Izmer. Tekh. 20(7), 73 (1977).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. B. Aleksandrov, A. B. Mamyrin, and N. N. Yakobson, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 51, 607 (1981).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. E. Bell and H. L. Bloom, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 1669 (1961).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Arimondo and E. Wolf, Progress in Optics XXXV, 257 (1996).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. B. Aleksandrov, A. B. Mamyrin, and Yu. S. Chidson, Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz. 72, 1569 (1977).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. M. Pomerantsev, V. M. Ryzhkov, and G. V. Skrotskii, Physical Principles of Quantum Magnetometry [in Russian] (Nauka, Moscow, 1972).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica" 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Vershovskii
    • 1
  • A. S. Pazgalev
    • 1
  • E. B. Aleksandrov
    • 1
  1. 1.Vavilov State Optical InstituteAll-Russia Scientific CenterSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations