Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 318–326 | Cite as

Nonlinear and Frequency-Dependent Mechanical Behavior of the Mouse Respiratory System

  • Henrique T. Moriya
  • José Carlos T. B. Moraes
  • Jason H. T. Bates


The assessment of the mechanical properties of the respiratory system is typically done by oscillating flow into the lungs via the trachea, measuring the resulting pressure generated at the trachea, and relating the two signals to each other in terms of some suitable mathematical model. If the perturbing flow signal is broadband and not too large in amplitude, linear behavior is usually assumed and the input impedance calculated. Alternatively, some researchers have used flow signals that are narrow band but large in amplitude, and invoked nonlinear lumped-parameter models to account for the relationship between flow and pressure. There has been little attempt, however, to deal with respiratory data that are both broadband and reflective of system nonlinearities. In the present study, we collected such data from mice. To interpret these data, we first developed a time-domain approximation to a widely used model of respiratory input impedance. We then extended this model to include nonlinear resistive and elastic terms. We found that the nonlinear elastic term fit the data better than the linear model or the nonlinear resistance model when amplitudes were large. This model may be useful for detecting overinflation of the lung during mechanical ventilation. © 2003 Biomedical Engineering Society.

PAC2003: 8719Rr, 8719Uv

Input impedance Resistance Elastance Frequency domain Time domain 


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Copyright information

© Biomedical Engineering Society 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henrique T. Moriya
    • 1
    • 2
  • José Carlos T. B. Moraes
    • 2
  • Jason H. T. Bates
    • 1
  1. 1.Vermont Lung Center, Department of Medicine and Molecular Physiology and BiophysicsUniversity of VermontBurlington
  2. 2.Biomedical Engineering LaboratoryUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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