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Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 28, Issue 11, pp 1300–1306 | Cite as

Method for Assessing the Need for Case-Specific Hemodynamics: Application to the Distribution of Vascular Permeability

  • A. L. Hazel
  • M. H. Friedman
Article

Abstract

A common approach to understanding the role of hemodynamics in atherogenesis is to seek relationships between parameters of the hemodynamic environment, and the distribution of tissue variables thought to be indicative of early disease. An important question arising in such investigations is whether the distributions of tissue variables are sufficiently similar among cases to permit them to be described by an ensemble average distribution. If they are, the hemodynamic environment needs be determined only once, for a nominal representative geometry; if not, the hemodynamic environment must be obtained for each case. A method for classifying distributions from multiple cases to answer this question is proposed and applied to the distributions of the uptake of Evans blue dye labeled albumin by the external iliac arteries of swine in response to a step increase in flow. It is found that the uptake patterns in the proximal segment of the arteries, between the aortic trifurcation and the ostium of the circumflex iliac artery, show considerable case-to-case variability. In the distal segment, extending to the deep femoral ostium, many cases show very little spatial variation, and the patterns in those that do are similar among the cases. Thus the response of the distal segment may be understood with fewer simulations, but the proximal segment has more information to offer. © 2000 Biomedical Engineering Society.

PAC00: 8719Uv, 8719Xx

Variability Permeability Arteries Atherogenesis Hemodynamics 

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Copyright information

© Biomedical Engineering Society 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. L. Hazel
    • 1
  • M. H. Friedman
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomedical Engineering CenterThe Ohio State UniversityColumbus

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