Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 629–640 | Cite as

Cardiac Mechanoenergetics Replicated by Cross-Bridge Model

  • Marko Vendelin
  • Peter H. M. Bovendeerd
  • Theo Arts
  • Jüri Engelbrecht
  • Dick H. van Campen


The aim of this work is to reproduce the experimentally measured linear dependence of cardiac muscle oxygen consumption on stress–strain area using a model, composed of a three-state Huxley-type model for cross-bridge interaction and a phenomenological model of Ca2+-induced activation. By selecting particular cross-bridge cycling rate constants and modifying the cross-bridge activation model, we replicated the linear dependence between oxygen consumption and stress–strain area together with other important mechanical properties of cardiac muscle such as developed stress dependence on the sarcomere length and force-velocity relationship. The model predicts that (1) the amount of the “passenger” cross bridges, i.e., cross bridges that detach without hydrolyzing ATP molecule, is relatively small and (2) ATP consumption rate profile within a beat and the amount of the passenger cross bridges depend on the contraction protocol. © 2000 Biomedical Engineering Society.

PAC00: 8719Rr, 8719Ff, 8710+e, 8719Hh

Heart Stress–strain area Oxygen consumption Mathematical modeling Huxley-type model 


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Copyright information

© Biomedical Engineering Society 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marko Vendelin
    • 1
  • Peter H. M. Bovendeerd
    • 2
  • Theo Arts
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jüri Engelbrecht
    • 1
  • Dick H. van Campen
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Cybernetics atTallinn Technical UniversityTallinnEstonia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringEindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of BiophysicsMaastricht UniversityMaastrichtThe Netherlands

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