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Brief report: Nutrition and weight loss information in a popular diet book: Is it fact, fiction, or something in between?

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Diet books dominate the New York Times Advice Best Seller list and consumers cite such books as an important source of nutrition information. However, the scientific support for nutrition claims presented as fact (nutrition facts) in diet books is not known.

DESIGN/MEASUREMENTS: We assessed the quality of nutrition facts in the best-selling South Beach Diet using support in peer-reviewed literature as a measure of quality. We performed structured literature searches on nutrition facts located in the books’ text, and then assigned each fact to 1 of 4 categories (1) fact supported, (2) fact not supported, (3) fact both supported and not supported, and (4) no related papers. A panel of expert reviewers adjudicated the findings.

RESULTS: Forty-two nutrition facts were included. Fourteen (33%) facts were supported, 7 (17%) were not supported, 18 (43%) were both supported and not supported, and 3 (7%) had no related papers, including the fact that the diet had been “scientifically studied and proven effective.”

CONCLUSIONS: Consumers obtain nutrition information from diet books. We found that over 67% of nutrition facts in a best-seller diet book may not be supported in the peer-reviewed literature. These findings have important implications for educating consumers about nutrition information sources.

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Correspondence to Sarah L. Goff MD.

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None of the authors have any conflicts of interest to declare.

Dr. Goff was supported by a training grant from the Robert Wood Johnson (RWJ) Foundation while this study was conducted. The RWJ Foundation holds no responsibility for the content of this manuscript.

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Goff, S.L., Foody, J.M., Inzucchi, S. et al. Brief report: Nutrition and weight loss information in a popular diet book: Is it fact, fiction, or something in between?. J Gen Intern Med 21, 769–774 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1497.2006.00501.x

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Key words

  • health information
  • nutrition
  • weight loss