We examined the effects of ornithine on the sleep-wake cycle by monitoring the electroencephalo-gram, electromyogram, and locomotor activity of freely moving mice after oral administration of it at lights-off time (18:00). Ornithine (1.0 and 3.0 g/kg of body weight) increased the amount of non-rapid eye movement (non-REM, NREM) sleep for 2 h after its administration, with a peak at 60 min post administration, to 164% and 198%, respectively, of that of the vehicle-administered mice, without changing the amount of REM sleep. The administration of ornithine at a lower dose (0.3 g/kg of body weight) did not increase the amount of NREM sleep compared with the vehicle administration. Ornithine did not affect the power spectrum density of NREM sleep but increased the number of episodes of wakefulness and NREM sleep and that of transitions between wakefulness and NREM sleep, and decreased the mean duration of wake episodes in a dose-dependent manner for 2 h after the oral administration. These results indicate that ornithine increased the amount of NREM sleep without reducing the power spectrum density of NREM sleep.
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Omori, K., Kagami, Y., Yokoyama, C. et al. Promotion of non-rapid eye movement sleep in mice after oral administration of ornithine. Sleep Biol. Rhythms 10, 38–45 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-8425.2011.00515.x
- non-rapid eye movement sleep
- power spectrum analysis