Genetic population evaluation of two closely related flatfish species, the rare barfin flounder and spotted halibut, along the Japanese coast
Barfin flounder and spotted halibut have been selected as target species for stock enhancement in Japan. Understanding the genetic condition of the wild stock is a principal requirement in any stock enhancement program. The genetic variability of barfin flounder and spotted halibut, and the population structure of spotted halibut were evaluated using microsatellite DNA markers (msDNA) and the control region of the mitocondrial DNA (mtDNA). Barfin flounder and spotted halibut showed high genetic variability at the msDNA level. Barfin flounder A was 16.7 and He was 0.860; spotted halibut An ranged from 7.7 to 10.2 and He ranged from 0.710 to 0.774. At the mtDNA level, high haplotype (h=0.922) and low nucleotide (π=0.002) diversities were observed for barfin flounder; however, low haplotype and nucleotide diversities (h=0.603–0.620 and π=0.001–0.002), and very low haplotype and nucleotide diversities (h=0.193 and π=0.0003) were observed for spotted halibut in the north and south locations, respectively. Slight genetic differentiation among spotted halibut sampling locations was observed from the msDNA. MtDNA analyses showed genetic differentiation between north and south locations, but not within them. The designation of north-specific and south-specific management units in the future stock enhancement activities of spotted halibut is recommended.
Key Wordsbarfin flounder control region genetic variability microsatellite DNA population structure related species spotted halibut
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