Sporer KA. Strategies for preventing heroin overdose. BMJ 2003;326:442–444.
Drucker E, Garfield J. Overdose trends in five US cities: 1988–1997. Paper presented at: Preventing Heroin Overdose: pragmatic approaches: January 13–14, 2000; Seattle, Washington, DC.
Latkin CA, Hua W, Tobin K. Social network correlates of self-reported non-fatal overdose. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2004;73:61–67.
Davidson PJ, McLean RL, Kral AH, Gleghorn AA, Edlin BR, Moss AR. Fatal heroin-related overdose in San Francisco, 1997–2000: a case for targeted intervention. J Urban Health. 2003;80:261–273.
Burris S, Noreland J, Edlin B. Legal aspects of providing naloxone to heroin users in the United States. Int J Drug Policy. 2001;12:237–248.
Darke S, Zador D. Fatal heroin “overdose”: a review. Addiction. 1996;91:1765–1772.
Powis B, Strang J, Griffiths P, et al, Self-reported overdose among injecting drug users in London: extent and nature of the problem. Addiction. 1999;94:471–478.
Strang J, Best D, Man L, Noble A, Gossop M. Peer-initiated. Int J Drug Policy. 2000;11:437–445.
Sporer KA. Acute heroin overdose. Ann Intern Med. 1999;130:584–590.
Strang J, Powis B, Best D, et al. Preventing opiate overdose fatalities with take-home naloxone: pre-launch study of possible impact and acceptability. Addiction. 1999;94:199–204.
Darke S, Hall W. The distribution of naloxone to heroin users. Addiction. 1997;92:1195–1199.
Dettmer K, Saunders B, Strang J. Take home naloxone and the prevention of deaths from opiate overdose: two pilot schemes. BMJ. 2001;322:895–896.
Ronconi S. Prevention of overdoses among current heroin users in Torino Italy for the period 1995–1998. Paper presented at: Preventing Heroin Overdose: pragmatic approaches; January 13–14, 2000; Seattle, Washington, DC.
Bigg D. Data on take home naloxone are unclear but not condemnatory (letter). BMJ. 2002;324:678.
Baca C, Richards M, Grant KJ. Take-home naloxone to prevent deaths from opiate overdose [rapid response]. BMJ [serial online]. May 21, 2001. Available at: http://bmj.com/cgi/eletters/322/7291/895 14648.
Mountain D. Take home naloxone for opiate addicts. Big conclusions are drawn from little evidence. BMJ. 2001;323:934.
Ashworth AJ, Kidd A. Take home naloxone for opiate addicts. Apparent advantages may be balanced by hidden harms. BMJ. 2001;323:935.
Seal KH, Downing M, Kral AH, et al. Attitudes about prescribing take-home naloxone to injection drug users for the management of heroin overdose. J Urban Health. 2003;80:291–301.
Chicago Recovery Alliance. CRA’s opiate overdose prevention program 2002 and opiate overdose prevention/intervention training slide show [on-line]. Available at: http://www.anypositivechange.org/res.html.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses in outpatient settings—New York, Oklahoma, and Nebraska, 2000–2002, MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2003;52:901–906.
SAS Release. Version 8.02. (1999–2001) by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
Lenton SR, Hargreaves KM. Should we conduct a trial of distributing naloxone to heroin users for peer administration to prevent fatal overdose? Med J Aust. 2000;173:260–263.
Dietze P, Cantwell K, Burgess S Bystander resuscitation attempts at heroin overdose: does it improve outcomes? Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002;67:213–218.
Broadhead RS, Heckathorn DD, Weakliem DL, et al. Harnessing peer networks as an instrument for AIDS prevention: results from a peer-driven intervention. Public Health Rep. 1998;113:42–57.
Watters JK, Needle R, Brown BS, Weatherby N, Booth R, Williams M. The self-reporting of cocaine use. JAMA. 1992;268:2374–2375.
Dowling-Guyer S, Johnson ME, Fisher DG, et al. Reliability of drug users’ self-reported HIV risk behaviors and validity of self-repored recent drug use. Assessment. 1994;1:383–392.
Cobb LA, Hallstrom AP. Community-based cardiopulmonary resuscitation. what have we learned? Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1982;382:330–342.
Brennan RT, Braslow A. Skill mastery in public CPR classes. Am J Emerg Med. 1998;16:653–657.
Becker LB, Ostander MP, Barrett J, Kondos GT. Outcome of CPR in a large metropolitan area—where are the survivors? Ann Emerg Med. 1991;20:355–361.
Pane GA, Salnes KA. A survey of participants in a mass CPR training course. Ann Emerg Med. 1987;16:1112–1116.