Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 81, Issue 1, pp 64–78 | Cite as

A social model for health promotion for an aging population: Initial evidence on the experience corps model

  • Linda P. Fried
  • Michelle C. Carlson
  • Marc Freedman
  • Kevin D. Frick
  • Thomas A. Glass
  • Joel Hill
  • Sylvia McGill
  • George W. Rebok
  • Teresa Seeman
  • James Tielsch
  • Barbara A. Wasik
  • Scott Zeger

Abstract

This report evaluates whether a program for older volunteers, designed for both benerativity and health promotion, leads to short-term improvements inmultiple behavioral risk factors and positive effects on intermediary risk factors for disability and other morbidities. The Experience Corps® places older volunteers in public elementary schools in roles designed to meet schools’ needs and increase the social, physical, and cognitive activity of the volunteers. This article reports on a pilot randomized trial in Baltimore, Maryland. The 128 volunteers were 60–86 years old; 95% were African American. At follow-up of 4–8 months, physical activity, strength, people one could turn to for help, and cognitive activity increased significantly, and walking speed decreased significantly less, in participants compared to controls. In this pilot trial, physical, cognitive, and social activity increased, suggesting the potential for the Experience Corps to improve health for an aging population and simultaneously improve educational outcomes for children.

Keywords

Compression of morbidity Generativity Healthy aging Older volunteer Social engagement 

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Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda P. Fried
    • 1
  • Michelle C. Carlson
    • 1
  • Marc Freedman
    • 1
  • Kevin D. Frick
    • 1
  • Thomas A. Glass
    • 1
  • Joel Hill
    • 1
  • Sylvia McGill
    • 1
  • George W. Rebok
    • 1
  • Teresa Seeman
    • 1
  • James Tielsch
    • 1
  • Barbara A. Wasik
    • 1
  • Scott Zeger
    • 1
  1. 1.Center on Aging and Health, Director, Division of Geriatric Medicine and GerontologyThe Johns Hopkins Medical InstitutionBaltimore

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