Firearm availability and suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm deaths among women
- 352 Downloads
In the United States, more than 45,000 women died from gun violence over the last decade.
To determine whether measures of firearm availability are related to rates of suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm deaths among women in the United States.
Pooled cross-sectional time series data on suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm deaths (1988–1997) were used to estimate the association between the rate of violent death among women and four proxies of firearm availability. Two proxies came from survey reports of household firearm ownership rates; two were derived from mortality statistics.
United States, 1988–1997.
The increased rate of suicide and homicide in states with high gun levels was accounted for primarily by significantly elevated firearm suicide and firearm homicide rates. Unintentional firearm death rates were also increased in states with more guns. At the regional level, qualitatively similar results were obtained.
Between 1988 and 1997, the suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm death rates among women were disproportionately higher in states where guns were more prevalent. The elevated rates of violent death in states with more guns was not entirely explained by a state’s poverty or urbanization and was driven primarily by lethal firearm violence, not by lethal nonfirearm violence.
KeywordsAccidents Firearms Guns Homicide Suicide Unintentional Death Violence Women
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 1998 Available at: http://wonder.cdc.gov/mortsql.shtml. Accessed June 2, 2001.Google Scholar
- 14.Cook P. The effect of gun availability on robbery and robber murder: a cross sectional study of 50 cities. Policy Stud Rev Annu. 1979;3:743–781.Google Scholar
- 22.Hellensten J. Motivation and Opportunity: an Ecological Investigation of US Urban Suicides 1970–1990 [dissertation]. University of California Irvine; 1995.Google Scholar
- 23.Baker S, O’Neill B, Ginsburg M, Li G. The Injury Fact Book. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1992.Google Scholar
- 29.Davis J, Smith T. General Social Surveys, 1972–1998 [machine-readable data file]. NORC ed. Chicago, IL: National Opinion Research Center [producer]; Storrs, CT: The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut [distributor]; 1998.Google Scholar