Cancer information-seeking experiences: The implications of Hispanic ethnicity and Spanish language
Background. Strategies to support cancer information-seeking among Hispanics are needed. Methods. We analyzed data from the 2005 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) to explore cancer information-seeking experiences among respondents according to ethnicity and language of interview. Results. Over 80% of Spanish-speaking Hispanics had never looked for cancer information. Compared to English-speaking respondents, Spanish-speaking Hispanics who sought cancer information indicated their search took a lot of effort (67%), was hard to understand (54%), and frustrating (42%). Spanish-speaking Hispanics noted minimal confidence in obtaining cancer information. Conclusions. Language and cultural differences must be considered in the design, implementation, and dissemination of cancer information.
- 1.US Census Bureau. Release Date: May 17, 2007. Table 4: Annual estimates of the Hispanic or Latino population by age and sex for the US: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (NC-EST 2006-04-HISP). Available at: http://www.census.gov. Accessed August 30, 2007.Google Scholar
- 3.Garbers S, Chiasson MA. Inadequate functional health literacy in Spanish as a barrier to cervical cancer screening among immigrant Latinas in New York City. Prev Chronic Dis. 2004; 1(4). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2004/oct/03_0038.htm. Accessed August 30, 2007.
- 6.American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures for Hispanic/Latinos 2006–2008. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society; 2007.Google Scholar
- 10.Viswanath K, Finnegan, JR, Jr. Knowledge gap hypothesis: Twenty five years later. In: Burleson B, ed. Communication Yearbook: Vol. 19. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; 1996:187–227.Google Scholar
- 11.Ku L, Waidmann T. How race/ethnicity, immigration status, and language affect health insurance coverage, access to care and quality of care among the low-income population. Washington, DC: The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation; August 2003. Available at: http://www.kff.org Accessed August 30, 2007.Google Scholar
- 14.Lehrer J. Changing times: Ethnic media sector is growing. [Transcript of television broadcast]. PBS Newshour with Jim Lehrer. October 14, 2002. Available at: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/media/july-dec 02/ethnic_10-14.html. Accessed November 8, 2007.Google Scholar
- 22.Shin HB, Bruno R. Language use and English-speaking ability: 2000. US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce; October 2003. Available at: http://www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs/c2kbr-29.pdf Accessed August 30, 2007.Google Scholar
- 23.US Census Bureau. U.S.: profile of selected social characteristics: 2000. Available at: http://www.census.gov. Accessed August 30, 2007.Google Scholar
- 24.Office of Management and Budget. Revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. Federal Register. 1997;62:58781–58790.Google Scholar
- 25.RTI International. About SUDAAN. Available at: http://www.rti.org/sudaan. Accessed August 30, 2007.Google Scholar
- 27.Vishwanath K. Public communications and its role in reducing and eliminating health disparities. In: Thompson GE, Mitchell F, Williams M, eds. Examining the Health Disparities Research Plan of the National Institutes of Health: Unfinished Business. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2006; Appendix G, 215–253.Google Scholar