Journal of Statistical Theory and Practice

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 322–338 | Cite as

A-efficient discrete choice designs for attributes with unequal numbers of levels

  • Fangfang SunEmail author
  • Angela Dean


Sun and Dean proposed an approach for finding A-optimal and A-efficient discrete choice designs without a large computational effort, for estimating orthonormal contrasts, and for both balanced and unbalanced profile utilities. Their method was based on the “contribution” made by each choice set to the contrasts being estimated, and was illustrated for the setting of two-level attributes and orthonormal main effect and interaction contrasts. In this article, the use of the Sun and Dean methodology is extended to encompass pairwise comparisons. The methodology is illustrated for the construction of A-efficient designs for attributes having different numbers of levels and where contrasts of interest are either orthonormal factorial contrasts or pairwise comparisons in the attribute levels. When the designs are large, issues involved with finding smaller subdesigns are discussed briefly.


A-optimal asymmetric attributes multinomial logit model pairwise comparisons unbalanced utilities 

AMS Subject Classification

62K05 62K10 62K15 


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Copyright information

© Grace Scientific Publishing, 20 Middlefield Ct, Greensboro, NC 27455 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management Science and EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  2. 2.Department of StatisticsThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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