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Journal of Transatlantic Studies

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 18–40 | Cite as

An unlikely hawk: Congressman Frank McCloskey and the Bosnian war

  • Hamza KarčićEmail author
Article

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyse the foreign policy activism of former Democratic US Congressman Frank McCloskey during the 1992–1995 Bosnian war. From 1992 until the end of his term in 1994, McCloskey played a key part in keeping the issue of Bosnia alive on Capitol Hill. An early and a consistent advocate of the ‘lift and strike’ policy, McCloskey pioneered use of the term genocide to describe atrocities being perpetrated in Bosnia. Along with other Bosnia hawks, McCloskey succeeding in passing landmark June 1994 amendment to lift the UN-imposed arms embargo on Bosnia, which paved the way for the adoption by both chambers of Congress of legislation to lift the embargo in the summer of 1995. This congressional pressure on the Administration contributed to the US diplomatic effort that culminated in the Dayton Peace Accords. Though McCloskey’s congressional career ended in late 1994, his impact over the preceding two years firmly placed him among the most articulate American voices on the issue of Bosnia. His 1992–1994 congressional mandate now stands as his lasting foreign policy legacy.

Keywords

Frank McCloskey US foreign policy Congress Bosnia Balkans Yugoslavia 

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Notes

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Copyright information

© Board of Transatlantic Studies 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Political ScienceUniversity of SarajevoSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina

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