Journal of Transatlantic Studies

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 235–250 | Cite as

Closing the Atlantic gap: the symbiotic development of civil and military aviation technology through the 1930s

  • Peter J. HugillEmail author


In 1913 the Daily Mail offered a substantial prize for the first transatlantic flight. The first flights occurred in 1919. Twenty years later the route’s first commercial heavier-than-air service opened. The path from 1913 to 1939 was technologically challenging, but rewarding since it sped up connections between London and the emerging second trading state financial centre of New York. Civil aviation was closely linked to the technologies needed for strategic bombing and long range maritime air patrols. Such technologies emerged first in Imperial Germany although from British theoretical roots, then from developments at the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics, all of which spread widely in the late 1920s.


trading states transatlantic air service aerodynamics technology soil science 


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Copyright information

© Board of Transatlantic Studies 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Scowcroft InstituteTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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