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Journal of Transatlantic Studies

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 158–177 | Cite as

The year that never was: 1973 and the crisis between the United States and the European Community

  • Silvia PietrantonioEmail author
Article

Abstract

In order to revitalise the neglected transatlantic ties, the Nixon administration unilaterally deliberated that 1973 was to be the ‘Year of Europe’. However, 1973 did not end with the solemn renewal of the Atlantic Declaration that Kissinger had sought. On the contrary, this initiative prompted the countries of the recently enlarged EEC to engage in the first attempt to take a unitary foreign policy stance and highlighted the Nixon administration’s contradictions regarding the European integration project. These contradictions, in addition to the numerous tensions that already strained transatlantic relations, gave birth to a downward spiral of incomprehension and misperceptions, seriously worsened by the unexpected deflagration of the October War. However, even though the tensions did not disappear, the European common front soon started to disintegrate, mainly under the strains imposed by the oil crisis.

Keywords

Cold War US foreign policy EEC external relations 1973 oil crisis October War 

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Notes

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© Board of Transatlantic Studies 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BolognaItaly

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