Journal of Transatlantic Studies

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 218–232 | Cite as

Tricontinentalism in recent Moroccan intellectual history: the case of Souffles

  • Andy StaffordEmail author


The 1960s phenomenon of tricontinentalism, originating in Havana in 1966, had its strongest politico-artistic impact on the African side of the Atlantic in Morocco. We can trace this through the avant-garde journal Souffles, published in Rabat between 1966 and 1972. The intellectual space that Souffles came to dominate lay at the crossroads of different anti-colonial ideologies: both Arabist and keen to promote Berber culture; both Moroccan and Maghrebi as it called for a new culture in North Africa; both pan-Africanist and pan-Arabist; and exhibiting signs of ‘Maoisant’ Marxism to boot. It is thanks largely to the ideological scope of Souffles that Morocco became a pivot for the Tricontinental Movement worldwide.


Tricontinental Movement Morocco Souffles Negritude Marxism 


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Copyright information

© Board of Transatlantic Studies 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of FrenchUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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