Journal of Transatlantic Studies

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 87–106 | Cite as

Irish Protestants and the Creation of the Bible Belt

  • Barry Vann


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  1. 1.
    James Leyburn, Scotch-Irish: A Social History (Chapel Hill, 1962), 167.Google Scholar
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    Barry Vann, Rediscovering the South’s Celtic Heritage (Johnson City, TN, 2004), 124.Google Scholar
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    Patrick Griffin, The People with No Name: Ireland’s Ulster Scots, America’s Scots Irish, and the Creation of a British Atlantic World, 1689-1764 (Princeton, 2001), 65–98.Google Scholar
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    Ian Adamson, cited in Billy Kennedy, The Scots-Irish in the Hills of Tennessee (Belfast, 1995), 14.Google Scholar
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    Leyburn, Scotch-Irish History, 169. Leyburn contended that poor economic conditions in Ulster precipitated the five migration flows. They occurred in 1717-18, 1725-29, 1740-41, 1754-55, and 1771-75.Google Scholar
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    Kennedy, Scots-Irish in the Hills of Tennessee, 27, 146–47. Isaac Anderson established MaryviUe College, Samuel Doak is associated with establishing Tusculum College, and Samuel Carrick served as the first president of Blount College. It later grew into the University of Tennessee.Google Scholar
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    Ibid. See also Barry Vann, ‘Presbyterian Social Ties and Mobility in the Irish Sea Culture Area’, Journal of Historical Sociology (2005), Vol. 18, No 3, 227–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    These two areas of are regarded as Scotch-Irish ethnic islands. See Jerome D. Fellman, Arthur Getis, and Judith Getis, Human Geography: Landscapes of Human Activities, 9th Ed. (New York, 2007), 189.Google Scholar
  22. 22a.
    See also Rüssel Gerlach, Settlement Patterns in Missouri (Columbia, 1986), 41. Vann, Rediscovering the South’s Celtic Heritage, uses the more ambiguous “Celtic realm” label to identify the Upland South.Google Scholar
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    This point is often overlooked by those who focus their attention on the re-creation of ethnic identities and its political implications. See Blaustein, Thistle and the Brier; Celeste Ray, Highland Heritage: Scottish Americans in the American South (Chapel Hill, 2001).Google Scholar
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    For the idea that America was to be a model for wayward Europeans, see Perry Miller, Errand into the Wilderness (Cambridge, Mass., 1976)Google Scholar
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    Blaustein points out that those who try to recapture lost ethnic ways are called “cultural missionaries”. See Blaustein, Thistle and the Brier.Google Scholar
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    Blair and others in the Kirk’s General Assembly were instrumental in approving the Scottish National Covenant, which David George Mullan argues is an example of Scottish National Divinity. See Mullan, Scottish Puritanism 1590-1638 (Oxford, 2000), 244–84.Google Scholar
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    Wright, ‘Notes on Early American Geopiety’; See also Avihu Zakai, Exile and Kingdom, 71-2.Google Scholar
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    Ibid, see also John W. Lockington, Robert Blair of Bangor (Edinburgh, 1996), 5–17.Google Scholar
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    Geopiety refers to the commitment emotional side of religion tied to space. See Wright, ‘Notes on Early American Geopiety’; See also Avihu Zakai, Exile and Kingdom, 71, 3.Google Scholar
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    Ibid. 73. The ethnic affiliations of the four companions were determined by the surnames (Cooley, Holden, Mooney, and Stuart). See Edward MacLysaght, The Surnames of Ireland (Dublin, 1991), 57, 159, 221, 279.Google Scholar
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    Kincaid, Wilderness Road, 113-15. Logan and Richard Callaway became convinced that Daniel Boone was guilty of conspiring with the British and Shawnee against the white settlers in Kentucky. See Faragher, Daniel Boone, 199.Google Scholar
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    The brothers’ names were Charles, Richard, and Henry Skaggs. See Kincaid, Wilderness Road, 113.Google Scholar
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    Ibid. For unknown reasons, Faragher seems to believe Boone was insincere in making this comment.Google Scholar
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    Quoted in Faragher, Daniel Boone, 70.Google Scholar
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    Boone, His Own Story, 1–2. It is true that Filson edited the archaic language that Boone would have used, but Boone was quite able to read. He signed an affidavit endorsing the work as authentically his thoughts. See Faragher, Daniel Boone, 7.Google Scholar
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    John S. Macintosh, cited in a flyer published by The Scotch-Irish Society of the United States of America, P.O. Box 181, Bryn Mawr, PA 19010. See also Vann, South’s Celtic Heritage, 85.Google Scholar
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    This is significant when one considers that the United States Census Bureau divides the country into four regions (South, East, Midwest, and West). The East and Midwest include northern states.Google Scholar
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    Directory of the Southern Baptist-related Colleges and Schools 2006 (Nashville, 2006). It should be pointed out that the Association of Southern Baptist Colleges and Universities supports 53 institutions scattered across eighteen states. Forty-eight of them are located in Missouri, Oklahoma and in other southern states.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Board of the Journal of Transatlantic Studies 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Vann
    • 1
  1. 1.Lincoln Memorial UniversityUSA

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