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Journal of Transatlantic Studies

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 241–252 | Cite as

Transatlantic Bipolarity and NATO’s Global Role

  • Alexander Moens
Article

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Chapter Two in Martin Wight, Power Politics (H. Bull and C. Holbraad, eds) Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    John Van Oudenaren, “Transatlantic Bipolarity and the End of Multilateralism,” Political Science Quarterly, 120, 1, (2005), 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Robert E. Hunter, “Europe’s Leverage,” The Washington Quarterly 27, 1 (Winter 2003–04), especially pages 96 and 97.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    An analysis of these developments is found in Jolyon Howorth and John T.S. Keeler, “The EU, NATO and the Quest for European Autonomy,” Chapter 1 in Jolyon Howorth and John T.S. Keeler (eds.) Defending Europe: The EU, NATO and the Quest for European Autonomy (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A description of most recent developments is found in Paul Cornish and Geoffrey Edwards, “The Strategic Culture of the European Union: A Progress Report,” International Affaurs 81, 4, (2005). 6 EU Security and Defence: Core Documents 2004, Volume V. (Institute for Security Studies, Paris, February 2005).Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    For a lively description of these events see Willem van Eekelen, Debating European Securiry: 1948–1998 (The Hague: Sdu Publishers, 1998), pp. 78–82.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Interview with NATO Officials and military officers, November 7 and 8, 2005.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    Jeffrey Simon, “NATO Expeditionary Operations: Impacts Upon New Members and Partners,” Occasional Paper 1, National Defense University, Washington, D.C., March 2005, p. 3.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Final Communiqué, North Atlantic Council in Defence Ministers Session, June 9, 2005.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    As quoted in “NATO’s Transformation Process and Cooperation with the EU in the Future,” New Defence Agenda, Brussels, October 16, 2003.Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    For a recent example of this approach see: Michele Flournoy and Julianne Smith, “European Defense Integration: Bridging the Gap Between Strategy and Capabilities,” Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, D.C., October 2005.Google Scholar
  12. 12a.
    Also writing in this framework is Stanley R. Sloan, NATO, The European Union and the Atlantic Community: The Transatlantic Bargaun Reconsidered (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers (Paperback, 2006).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Some aspects of this perspective are found in Francois Heisbourg, et al., “European Defence: Making It Work,” Institute for Security Studies, Chaullot Paper 42, Paris, September 2000, and inGoogle Scholar
  14. 13.
    Gilles Andreani et al., “Europe’s Military Revolution,” (London: Centre for European Reform, 2001).Google Scholar
  15. 13a.
    Another example is a recent study chaured by Nicole Gnesotto, “European Defence: A Proposal for a White Paper,” (European Union Institute for Security Studies, Paris, May 2004).Google Scholar
  16. 14.
    Alexander Moens, “The Road Towards a Common Foreign and Security Policy,” Journal of European Integration, XIX, 2–3, (Winter/Spring 1996), pp. 165–180.Google Scholar
  17. 15.
    Paul Cornish, “NATO: the practice and politics of transformation,” International Affaurs, 80, 1, (2004), p. 74.Google Scholar
  18. 16.
    John Peterson, “America as a European Power: The End of Empire by Integration?” International Affaurs 80, 4 (2004), p. 615.Google Scholar
  19. 17.
    The Council of the European Union, “A Secure Europe in a Better World,” Brussels, December 12, 2003 (http://ue.eu.int/cms3_fo/showPage.asp?id=221&lang=en&mode= g); The National Security Strategy of the United States, The White House, March 16, 2006 (http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/nss/2OO6/intro.html).Google Scholar
  20. 18.
    Robert E. Hunter, “A Forward-Looking Relationship,” Foreign Affaurs (September/ October 2004), p. 14Google Scholar
  21. 19.
    as quoted in “Remarks by Secretary Rumsfeld at 41 st Munich Conference on European Security Policy,” U.S. Department of Defense, News Transcript, February 12, 2005.Google Scholar
  22. 20.
    Text of Speech by President George W. Bush at National Endowment for Democracy, October 6, 2005. (http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2005/10).Google Scholar
  23. 21.
    Wayne Washington, “At G-8 Bush Unveils Mideast Democracy Plan,” Boston Globe, June 10, 2004.Google Scholar
  24. 22.
    For example, Richard Holbrooke and Ronald Asmus, “Next Step for NATO,” Washington Post, March 14, 2006, p. 19.Google Scholar
  25. 23.
    See discussion of Germany’s plans (Armed Forces 2010) in Karl Feldmeyer, “Half a Century of the Bundeswehr,” International Politik, 6, 3, (2005), 70–75.Google Scholar
  26. 24.
    Mary Janigan, “Why Are We in Afghanistan,” Globe and Maul, September 17, 2005, p. F3.Google Scholar
  27. 25.
    Brian S. MacDonald, “Budget 2006: Some Light at the end of the Tunnel,” Conference of Canadian Defence Associations, CDA Commentary., May 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Board of the Journal of Transatlantic Studies 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Moens
    • 1
  1. 1.Simon Fraser UniversityVancouverCanada

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