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Journal of Transatlantic Studies

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 89–104 | Cite as

The Atlantic Community in the age of International Terrorism

  • Donald J. Puchala
Part III: Strategic Issues and Alliance Cohesion

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Notes

  1. 1.
    The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. Washington, D.C.: The White House, September 2002, p. 5.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Recall the widely discussed books of the last generation: Stanley Hoffman’s, Gulliver’s Troubles, Henry Kissinger’s, The Troubled Partnership, Richard Neustadt’s, Alliance Politics, Ronald Steel’s, The End of Alliance, James Goldsmith’s, Rebel Europe, David Calleo’s, The Atlantic Fantasy.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Karl W. Deutsch, et. al., Political Community and the North Atlantic Area, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1957Google Scholar
  4. 3a.
    Karl W. Deutsch, et. al., France, Germany and the Western Alliance, New York, Scribners, 1967Google Scholar
  5. 3b.
    Donald J. Puchala, ‘Integration Theory and the Study of International Relations’, in Richard L. Merritt and Bruce M. Russett (eds.), From National Development to Global Community, London, George Allen & Unwin, 1981, pp. 145–164Google Scholar
  6. 3c.
    Donald J. Puchala, ‘International Transactions and Regional Integration,’ International Organization, 24(4), (1970), pp. 732–763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 4.
    Richard L. Merritt and Donald J. Puchala, Western European Perspectives on International Affairs: Public Opinion Studies and Evaluations, New York, Praeger, 1968.Google Scholar
  8. 5.
    The Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, ‘America’s Image Further Erodes, Europeans Want Weaker Ties,’ Washington, D.C., March 18, 2003, p. 11.Google Scholar
  9. 6.
    The Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, ‘Mistrust of America in Europe Ever Higher, Muslim Anger Persists,’ Washington, D.C., March 16, 2004, p.7.Google Scholar
  10. 7.
    Ibid., p. 1.Google Scholar
  11. 8.
    On this question which allowed multiple responses, 33% in Britain, 58% in France, and 60% in Germany believed that Middle Eastern oil was the American objective; 24% in Britain, 53 % in France, and 47% in Germany felt that America was seeking to dominate the world; 21% in Britain, 44% in France, and 41% in Germany thought that the U.S. was targeting unfriendly Middle Eastern governments, and 19% in Britain, 23% in France, and 30% in Germany believed that the goal of the U.S. was to protect Israel.Google Scholar
  12. 9.
    The Pew Research Center, ‘Mistrust of America in Europe Ever Higher’, p. 2.Google Scholar
  13. 10.
    The Pew Research Center, ‘America’s Image Further Erodes’, p. 16.Google Scholar
  14. 11.
    The Pew Research Center, ‘Pew Global Attitudes Project: Nine Nation Survey’, March 2004, p. 29. Proportions of those ‘willing to pay the costs’ amounted to 41% in Britain, 77% in France, and 46% in Germany.Google Scholar
  15. 12.
    Extensive documentation on questions of values and institutions as received and perceived in public opinion is to be found in: The Pew Research Center for the People & Press, Views of a Changing World, Washington, D.C., The Pew Research Center, June 2003.Google Scholar
  16. 13.
    Antony J. Blinken, ‘The False Crisis Over the Atlantic’, Foreign Affairs, 80(3), (2001), pp. 35–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 14.
    Alexander Stille, ‘French Philosophy and the Spirit of Terrorism,’ Correspondence, 9, (2002), p. 8.Google Scholar
  18. 15.
    Walter Russell Mead, ‘Why Do They Hate Us?’, Foreign Affairs, 82(2), (2003), p. 140.Google Scholar
  19. 16.
    Chicago Council on Foreign Relations, Worldviews 2002: American and Foreign Public Opinion & Foreign Policy, Chicago: CCFR, 2002.Google Scholar
  20. 17.
    Reporting here is based for the most part on the Pew Research Center’s 2003 50-Nation survey, the results of which were released in June 2003.Google Scholar
  21. 18.
    Pew Research Center for the People & The Press, ‘Views of a Changing World,’ p. 93.Google Scholar
  22. 19.
    The Washington Post, ‘Poll: Public Opinion of U.S. Abroad’, p.5.Google Scholar
  23. 20.
    The Washington Post, ‘Poll.,’ p. 6.Google Scholar
  24. 21.
    ‘Views of a Changing World,’ p. 20; ‘Mistrust of America Ever Higher,’ p. 24.Google Scholar
  25. 22.
    Richard Lambert, ‘Misunderstanding Each Other’, Foreign Affairs, 82(2), (2003), p. 62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 23.
    Lambert, p. 65.Google Scholar
  27. 24.
    Ibid, p. 63.Google Scholar
  28. 25.
    Ibid, p. 66.Google Scholar
  29. 26.
  30. 27.
    Ibid., p. 68. aiu]28_‘You Can Be Warriors or Wimps; Or So Say the Americans’. The Economist, August 8, 2002, p. 2.Google Scholar
  31. 29.
    John Vinocur, ‘Criticism of U.S. Obscures Growing Disunity on Continent,’ International Herald Tribune, January 20, 2004.Google Scholar
  32. 30.
    The notion of ‘emancipation’ apparently surfaced in 2004 in the rhetoric of Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt.Google Scholar
  33. 31.
    John Vinocur, ‘Criticism of U.S. Obscures Growing Disunity on Continent’, p.l.Google Scholar
  34. 32.
    Robert J. Samuelson, ‘Drifting Apart’, The Washington Post, May 5, 2004.Google Scholar
  35. 33.
    Stephen M. Walt, ‘The Ties That Fray: Why Europe and America are Drifting Apart’, The National Interest, 54, (Winter 1998/99), pp. 3–11.Google Scholar
  36. 34.
    Tom Brokaw, The Greatest Generation, New York, Random House, 1998.Google Scholar
  37. 35.
    Robert Kagan, ‘Power and Weakness: Why the United States and Europe See the World Differently,’ Policy Review, 113 (2002), pp. 3–28; Kagan’s thesis was elaborated in his Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2003.Google Scholar
  38. 36.
    Walter Russell Mead, Power, Terror, Peace and War: America’s Grand Strategy in a World at Risk, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2004.Google Scholar
  39. 37.
    John Vinocur, ‘Politicus: Europe in for a Letdown If It’s Counting on Kerry’, The International Herald Tribune, March 30, 2004.Google Scholar
  40. 38.
    Stephen Gill, ed., Gramsci, Historical Materialism and International Relations, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1993.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Board of the Journal of Transatlantic Studies 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald J. Puchala
    • 1
  1. 1.University of South CarolinaUSA

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