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Journal of Transatlantic Studies

, Volume 3, Supplement 1, pp 31–42 | Cite as

Winston Churchill and American Foreign Relations: John F. Kennedy to George W. Bush

  • John Dumbrell
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Notes

  1. 1.
    John Ramsden, Man of the Century: Winston Churchill and his Legend since 1945 (London, HarperCollins, 2002), p. 325.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cited in John Dumbrell, President Lyndon Johnson and Soviet Communism (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2004), p. 8.Google Scholar
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    Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States (hereafter, PPPUS): Lyndon B. Johnson: 1966: Book 1 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1967), p. 223 (26 Feb. 1966).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See PPPUS: Richard M. Nixon: 1970: Book 1 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1971), p. 474 (I May 1970); Richard M. Nixon, RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon (New York, Grosset and Dunlap), p. 463.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Quoted in Lou Cannon, Reagan (New York, Putnam’s Sons, 1982), p. 404.Google Scholar
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    http:www.bbc.co.uk/2223075.stm (29 Aug. 2002) (accessed 2 Feb. 2004) (BBC News World Edition).
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    Congressional Record, H3047 (9 April 2003).Google Scholar
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    Ibid., S580 (4 Feb. 2004).Google Scholar
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    See Ramsden, Man of the Century, p. 573.Google Scholar
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    See Lawrence Freedman, Kennedy’s Wars: Berlin, Cuba, Laos and Vietnam (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2000), p. 33.Google Scholar
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    See, for example, PPPUS: John F. Kennedy: 1963 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1964), p. 65.Google Scholar
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    See Richard Reeves, President Kennedy: Profile of Power (Basingstoke, Papermac, 1993), pp. 41, 668.Google Scholar
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    PPPUS: John F. Kennedy: 1963: p. 315 (9 April 1963).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ibid., See also Ramsden, Man of the Century, p. 357.Google Scholar
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    See Carl Solberg, Hubert Humphrey: A Biography (New York, Norton, 1984), p. 264; Ramsden, Man of the Century, pp. 27–36Google Scholar
  16. 15a.
    Roy Jenkins, Churchill (London, Pan Macmillan, 2002), p. 786.Google Scholar
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    See generally Ernest R. May, Lessons of the Past: The Use and Misuse of History in American Foreign Policy, (New York, Oxford University Press, 1973)Google Scholar
  18. 16a.
    Steve Smith and Richard Little, eds., Belief Systems and International Relations (Oxford, Blackwell, 1989).Google Scholar
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    Freedman, Kennedy’s Wars, p. 310.Google Scholar
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    PPPUS: Lyndon B. Johnson: 1968–1969: Book 1 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1970), p. 628; Book 2 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1970), pp. 841, 853, 873, 887, 1077, 78, 1143, 1203, 1259, 1348, 1355.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., p. 942 (10 Sept. 1968).Google Scholar
  22. 20.
    Ibid., p. 1298 (2 Nov. 1968).Google Scholar
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    H. R. Haldeman, The Haldeman Diaries: Inside the Nixon White House (New York, Putnam’s Sons, 1994), p. 411 (24 Dec. 1970).Google Scholar
  24. 22.
    See Stephen E. Ambrose, Nixon: Volume 2: The Triumph of a Politician, 1962–1972 (New York, Simon and Schuster, 1989), p. 218.Google Scholar
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    Foreign Relations of the United States: 1969–1976: Volume 1: Foundations of Foreign Policy, 1969–1972 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 2003), p. 164 (14 Jan. 1970).Google Scholar
  26. 24.
    Gerald Ford, A Time to Heal: The Autobiography of Gerald R. Ford (New York: Harper Row, 1979), p. 192.Google Scholar
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    PPPUS: Jimmy Carter: 1980–81: Book 1 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1981), p. 579 (1 April 1980).Google Scholar
  28. 26.
    See, for example, Robert S. McNamara, In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam (New York, Times Books, 1995), p. 195.Google Scholar
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    See John Dumbrell, American Foreign Policy: Carter to Clinton (Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1997), p. 43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 28.
    Ernest R. May and Richard E. Neustadt, Thinking in Time (New York, Free Press, 1986).Google Scholar
  31. 29.
    See Klaus Larres, Churchill’s Cold War: The Politics of Personal Diplomacy (New Haven, Yale University Press, 2002).Google Scholar
  32. 30.
    See, for example, PPPUS: Ronald Reagan: 1983: Book 1 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1984), p. 78.Google Scholar
  33. 31.
    Ibid., p. 524 (11 April 1983); Robert Dallek, Ronald Reagan: The Politics of Symbolism (Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press, 1984), p. 7.Google Scholar
  34. 32.
    PPPUS: Ronald Reagan: 1986: Book 2 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1987), p. 1398 (7 Oct. 1986).Google Scholar
  35. 33.
    Ibid., p. 1499 (1 Nov. 1986).Google Scholar
  36. 34.
    PPPUS: Ronald Reagan: 1988: Book 1 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1990), p. 272 (29 Feb. 1988).Google Scholar
  37. 35.
    See Caspar Weinberger, Fighting for Peace: Seven Critical Years at the Pentagon (London, Michael Joseph, 1990).Google Scholar
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    See Dumbrell, American Foreign Policy, ch. 6.Google Scholar
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    PPPUS: Ronald Reagan: 1986: Book 2 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1987), p. 1495 (31 Oct. 1986).Google Scholar
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    PPPUS: Ronald Reagan: 1988–1989: Book 2 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1990), pp. 1735–6 (14 Jan. 1989).Google Scholar
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    Mary Matalin and James Carville, All’s Fair: Love, War, and Running for President (London, Hutchinson, 1994), p. 381.Google Scholar
  42. 40.
    See Bill Clinton, My Life (London, Hutchinson, 2004), pp. 480, 950Google Scholar
  43. 40a.
    Madeleine Albright, Madam Secretary: A Memoir (London, Macmillan, 2003), p. 192.Google Scholar
  44. 41.
    BBC website (accessed 2 Feb. 2004).Google Scholar
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    See Joshua Muravchik, ‘Affording Foreign Policy’, Foreign Affairs, 75: 2 (1996), PP. 8–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 42a.
    William Kristol and Robert Kagan, ‘Toward a Neo-Reaganite Foreign Policy’, Foreign Affairs, 75: 4 (1996), pp. 18–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 43.
    Joshua Muravchik, ‘The Neoconservative Cabal’, Commentary, 116: 2 (2003), pp. 26–33, 33.Google Scholar
  48. 44.
    Quoted in Michael Lind, ‘Churchill for Dummies’, The Spectator, 24 April 2004, pp. 24–5, 24.Google Scholar
  49. 45.
  50. 46.
    BBC website (accessed 2 Feb. 2004).Google Scholar
  51. 47.
  52. 48.
    Congressional Record, S1298 (22 Oct. 2003).Google Scholar
  53. 49.
    Ibid., E640 (l April 2003).Google Scholar
  54. 50.
    Ibid., H8214 (11 Sept. 2003).Google Scholar
  55. 51.
    See George Will, ‘Shock to the UN Tar Baby’, in Micah L. Sifry and Christopher Corf, eds., The Iraq War Reader: History, Documents, Opinions (New York, Touchstone Books, 2003), pp. 323–4, 324.Google Scholar
  56. 52.
    Bob Woodward, Plan of Attack (New York, Simon and Schuster, 2004), p. 338.Google Scholar
  57. 53.
    Ramsden, Man of the Century, p. 326.Google Scholar
  58. 54.
    Francis Fukuyama, ‘The Neoconservative Moment’, The National Interest, 76: 2 (2004), pp. 57–68.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Board of the Journal of Transatlantic Studies 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Dumbrell
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LeicesterUK

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