What makes education in communication transformative?

  • Anthony L. BackEmail author
  • Robert M. Arnold
  • Walter F. Baile
  • James A. Tulsky
  • Kelly Fryer-Edwards
Humanism in Oncology


Clin Oncol Transformational Learning Emotion Data Communication Transformative Teaching Communication Skill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Robinson K, Sutton S, von Gunten CF, et al. Assessment of the Education for Physicians on End-of-Life Care (EPEC) Project. J Palliat Med. 2004;7:637–645.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sullivan AM, Lakoma MD, Billings JA, et al. Creating enduring change: demonstrating the long-term impact of a faculty development program in palliative care. J Gen Intern Med. 2006;21:907–914. (These examples were not meant to be an exhaustive list but represent work by other educators we know and respect.)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Back AL, Arnold RM, Tulsky JA, et al. Teaching communication skills to medical oncology fellows. J Clin Oncol. 2003;21:2433–2436.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Back AL, Arnold RM, Baile WF, et al. Efficacy of communication skills training for giving bad news and discussing transitions to palliative care. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167:453–460.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Francis LK: Learning to listen: a fellow’s experience. J Clin Oncol. 2006;24:3209–3210.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Back AL, Arnold RM, Baile WF, et al. Faculty development to change the paradigm of communication skills teaching in oncology. J Clin Oncol. 2009;27(7):1137–1141. Epub 2009 Jan 6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Back A: Patient-physician communication in oncology: what does the evidence show? Oncology (Williston Park). 2006;20:67–74, 77–78, 83.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Back AL, Arnold RM, Tulsky JA. Mastering Communication with Seriously Ill Patients: Balancing Hope with Honesty and Empathy. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press; 2009;Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fryer-Edwards K, Arnold RM, Baile W, et al. Reflective teaching practices: an approach to teaching communication skills in a small-group setting. Acad Med. 2006;81(7):638–644.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© American Association for Cancer Education 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony L. Back
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert M. Arnold
    • 2
  • Walter F. Baile
    • 3
  • James A. Tulsky
    • 4
  • Kelly Fryer-Edwards
    • 5
  1. 1.Seattle Cancer Care AllianceUniversity of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research CenterSeattle
  2. 2.University of PittsburghPittsburg
  3. 3.M.D. Anderson Cancer CenterHouston
  4. 4.Duke University and Durham VA Medical CenterDurham
  5. 5.University of WashingtonSeattle

Personalised recommendations