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Attractiveness of some food baits to the melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Abstract

The attraction of the melon fly, Bactrocera Cucurbitae (Coq.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) to soybean hydrolysate, fishmeal, beef extract, banana/grapes, bread and dog biscuit was evaluated in snakegourd (Trichosanthes anguina L.) gardens during 2000–2001. Vinegar and beer were added as the ‘bait components’ to the above ‘base baits’ to enhance their attractiveness. Edible oils, glycerine and petroleum jelly were tested as the ‘controlled releasers’ to sustain the attractiveness. The results indicated that banana and soybean hydrolysate were 85–95% more attractive to adult B. Cucurbitae than fishmeal, beef extract, bread and dog biscuit. Among the fruit pulps, grapes and banana appeared to be more attractive than pineapple. The attractiveness of baits with palm oil lasted longer (up to 5 days) than that of baits without any controlled releaser (2–3 days). Grapes + beer + palm oil was found to be 37% more attractive than the other admixtures. The fruit flies were attracted towards the baits more intensively between 0600 and 0800 h and between 1600 and 1800 h.

Résumé

L’attraction de la mouche de melon, Bactrocera Cucurbitae (Coq.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) par l’hydrolysat de soja, la farine de poisson. l’extrait de boeuf, de la purée de bananes, de raisins ou d’ananas, du pain et des biscuits pour chien a été évaluée dans un potager de calebasses serpents (Trichosanthes anguina L.). en 2000–2001. Du vinaigre et de la bière ont été ajoutés aux différents appâts mentionnés ci-dessus afin de les rendre plus attractifs. Des huiles comestibles, de la glycérine et de la vaseline ont été testées afin de prolonger l’attractivité. Les résultats indiquent que la banane et l’hydrolisat de soja attirent 85–95% plus de mouches du melon que la farine de poisson, l’extrait de boeuf, le pain et les biscuits pour chien. Les purées de bananes et de raisins sont plus attractives que celle d’ananas. L’attractivité des appâts avec de l’huile de palme est plus longue (jusq’à 5 jours) que cells des appâts sans aucun additif. L’appâts à base de raisin, bière et huile de palme attire 37% plus que les autres mélanges. Les mouches sont plus attirées par les appâts 6–8 heures et 16–18 heures après le lâcher.

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Correspondence to T. Elaiya Bharathi.

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Bharathi, T.E., Sathiyanandam, V.K.R. & David, P.M.M. Attractiveness of some food baits to the melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Int J Trop Insect Sci 24, 125–134 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1079/IJT200412

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Key words

  • Bactrocera Cucurbitae
  • food attractants
  • attractiveness

Mots clés

  • Bactrocera Cucurbitae
  • attirantes nourritures
  • attractions