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Propagation of three orchid genera using encapsulated protocorm-like bodies

  • G. V. S. SaiprasadEmail author
  • Raghuveer Polisetty
Article

Summary

Protocorm-like bodies (plbs) of the orchid Dendrobium ‘Sonia’ were obtained from fractionated plb explants on Murashiga and Skoog (1962) medium (MS) supplemented with 4.44 μM 6-benzylaminopurine (BA). The developmental stage of plbs to be encapsulated, concentrations of sodium alginate (2–5%) and calcium chloride (25–100 mM), and concentration of MS salts in the matrix were assessed. Fractionated plbs 13–15 d after culture were at the leaf primordia stage and found suitable for encapsulation studies. The best encapsulation response was observed with 3% sodium alginate upon complexation with 75 mM CaCl2.2H2O. An encapsulation matrix prepared with MS medium (three-quarter strength) supplemented with 0.44 μM BA and 0.54 μM α-naphthaleneacetic acid gave 100% conversion of encapsulated plbs to plants after storage. A viability of >85% of encapsulated plbs of Dendrobium ‘Sonia’ was observed for 75 d at 4°C. Encapsulated plbs of orchids Dendrobium, Oncidium, and Cattleya were stored at 4°C for 75, 60 and 30 d, respectively, with >88% germination. All plants survived potting in media having either wood charcoal pieces alone or in combination with brick pieces.

Key words

artificial seeds synthetic seeds plbs storage temperature duration of storage germination 

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Copyright information

© Society for In Vitro Biology 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Plant PhysiologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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