Advertisement

Mammalian Biology

, Volume 68, Issue 6, pp 329–340 | Cite as

Carpal ontogeny in Dasyurus viverrinus and notes on carpal evolution in the Dasyuromorphia among the Marsupialia

  • M. R. Sánchez-VillagraEmail author
  • Manuela Döttling
Original investigation

Abstract

Histological sections of the hand of three pouch-young specimens of Dasyurus viverrinus (the Eastern quoll) and macerated skeletons representing six adult dasyurid species were examined. Already in very early postnatal life the number and arrangement of the adult carpals of D. viverrinus can be identified, as is the case in all marsupials examined to date. No signs of a centrale or prepollex anlage were found in any of the stages examined. It is confirmed that a disto-lateral process of the scaphoid separating the lunatum and magnum is diagnostic for the Dasyuromorphia; this feature is not present in D. viverrinus at the time of the period of fixation but appears later in pouch-young life. A histologically sectioned juvenile and adult specimens of Dromiciops gliroides lack a prepollex, as do all dasyurid species investigated in this work. A specimen of Sarcophilus laniarius has an additional carpal bone at the ulnar side of the hamatum.

Keywords

Dromiciops Marsupialia carpalia ontogeny phylogeny 

Die Entwicklung der Handwurzelknochen bei Dasyurus viverrinus und Bemerkungen zur Evolution der Carpalia bei den Dasyuromorphia innerhalb der Marsupialia

Zusammenfassung

Histologische Schnittserien der Hand von drei Beuteljungen von Dasyurus viverrinus und mazerierte Skelette von sechs Arten der Dasyuridae wurden untersucht. Schon kurz nach der Geburt ist die Anzahl und Einordnung der Carpalia wie bei Adulten bei D. viverrinus zu sehen; dies ist auch der Fall bei alle anderen bis jetzt untersuchten Arten der Marsupialia. Von Centrale und Praepollex wurden keine Spuren gefunden. Es wird bestätigt, daß ein distolateraler Fortsatz des Scaphoids, der das Lunatum vom Magnum trennt, diagnostisch für die Dasyuromorphia ist. Dieses Merkmal hat sich während des ‘Period of Fixation’ bei D. viverrinus noch nicht entwickelt. Ein Praepollex ist an Skeletten von Adulten und in histologischen Schnittserien eines juvenilen Tieres von Dromiciops gliroides nicht vorhanden. Das adulte Exemplar von Sarcophilus laniarius besitzt ein zusätzliches Element an der ulnaren Seite des Hamatums.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Argot, C. (2001): Functional-adaptive anatomy of the forelimb in the Didelphidae, and the paleobiology of the Paleocene marsupials Mayulestes ferox and Pucadelphys andinus. J. Morphol. 247, 51–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Burk, A.; Westermann, M.; Kao, D.J.; Kavanagh, J. R.; Springer, M. S. (1999): An analysis of marsupial interordinal relationships based on 12S rRNA, tRNA, and cytochrome b sequences. J. Mammal Evol. 6, 317–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burke, A. C.; Alberch, P. (1985): The development and homology of the chelonian carpus and tarsus. J. Morphol. 186, 119–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Curgy, J.-J. (1965): Apparition et soudure des points d’ossification des membres chez les mammifères. Mém. Mus. Nat. d’Hist. Natur. Série A. Zoologie 32, 173–307.Google Scholar
  5. Emery, C. (1897): Zoologische Forschungsreisen in Australien und dem Malayischen Archipel. In: Monotremen und Marsupialier. Vol. 2. Ed. by R. Semon. Jena: Gustav Fischer. Pp. 369–400.Google Scholar
  6. Grossmann, M.; Sánchez-Villagra, M. R.; Maier, W. (2002): On the development of the shoulder girdle in Crocidura russula (Soricidae) and other placental mammals: evolutionary and functional aspects. J. Anat. 201, 371–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Groves, C. P. (1993): Order Dasyuromorphia. In: Mammal Species of the World. 2nd Ed. Ed. by D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. Pp. 1207.Google Scholar
  8. Hall, B. K. (1999): Evolutionary Developmental Biology. New York: Chapman and Hall.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hamrick, M. W. (2002): Developmental mechanisms of digital reduction. Evolution and Development 4, 247–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hinchliffe, J. R.; Griffiths, P. J. (1983): The prechondrogenic patterns in tetrapod limb development and their phylogenetic significance. In: Development and Evolution. Symposium of the British Society of Developmental Biology. Vol. 6. Ed. by B. Goodwin, N. Holden, and C. Wylie. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 99–121.Google Scholar
  11. Hopson, J. A. (1995): Patterns of evolution in the manus and pes of non-mammalian therapsids. J. Vert. Paleontol. 15, 615–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Horovitz, I.; Sánchez-Villagra, M. R. In press. A comprehensive analysis of marsupial higherlevel relationships. Cladistics.Google Scholar
  13. Kirsch, J. A. W.; Lapointe, F.-J.; Springer, M. S. (1997): DNA-DNA hybridisation studies of marsupials and their implications for metatherian classification. Austral. J. Zool. 45, 211–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Krajewski, C.; Wroe, S.; Westerman, M. (2000): Molecular evidence of the pattern and timing of cladogenesis in dasyuroid marsupials. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 130, 375–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lewis, O. J. (1989): Functional Morphology of the Evolving Hand and Foot. London: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  16. Luckett, W. P. (1993): An ontogenetic assessment of dental homologies in the therian mammals. In: Mammal Phylogeny. Mesozoic Differentiation. Multituberculates, Monotremes, Early Therians and Marsupials, Ed. by F. S. Szalay, M. J. Novacek, and M. C. McKenna. New York: Springer. Pp. 182–204.Google Scholar
  17. Maier, W. (1993): Adaptions in the hand of cercopithecoids and callitrichids. In: Hands of Primates, Ed. by H. Preuschoft and D. Chivers. New York: Springer Verlag. Pp. 421.Google Scholar
  18. Milaire, J. (1978): Étude morphologique, histochemique et autoradiographique de développement du squelette des membres chez l’embryon de souris. I. Membres antérieurs. Archives Biologiques (Brussels) 89, 169–216.Google Scholar
  19. Moeller, H. F. (1988): Raubbeutler. In: Grzimeks Enzyklopädie der Säugetiere. Vol. 1. Ed. by B. Grzimek. München: Kindler. Pp. 256–285.Google Scholar
  20. Nowak, R. M. (1999): Walker’s Mammals of the World. 6th Ed. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Prochel, J.; Sánchez-Villagra, M. R. (2003): Carpal ontogeny in Monoddphis domestica and Caluromys philander (Marsupialia). Zoology 106, 73–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Romer, A. S. (1956): Osteology of the Reptiles. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  23. Romer, A. S.; Parsons, T. S. (1991): Vergleichende Anatomie der Wirbeltiere. 5th ed. Berlin: Parey.Google Scholar
  24. Sanchez-Villagra, M. R.; Sultan, F. (2002): The cerebellum at birth in therian mammals, with special reference to rodents. Brain Behav. Evol. 59, 101–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sanchez-Villagra, M. R.; Gemballa, S.; Nummela, S.; Smith, K. K.; Maier, W. (2002): Ontogenetic and phylogenetic transformations of the ear ossicles in marsupial mammals. J. Morphol. 251, 219–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sanchez-Ehrenberg, E. C. (1942): Die Embryogenese des Extremitätenskeletts der Säugetiere. Rev. Suiss. Zool. 49, 33–125.Google Scholar
  27. Shubin, N. H.; Alberch, R. (1986): A morphogenetic approach to the origin and basic organization of the tetrapod limb. Evol. Biol. 5, 319–381.Google Scholar
  28. Stafford, B. J.; Thorington, R. W. (1998): Carpal development and morphology in archontan mammals. J. Morphol. 235, 135–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Szalay, F. S. (1994): Evolutionary History of the Marsupials and an Analysis of Osteological Characters. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Szalay, F. S.; Sargis, E. J. (2001): Model-based analysis of postcranial osteology of marsupials from the Palaeocene of Itaborai (Brazil) and the phylogenetics and biogeography of Metatheria. Geodiversitas 23, 139–302.Google Scholar
  31. Szalay, F. S.; Trofimov, B. A. (1996): The Mongolian Late Cretaceous Asiatherium, and the early phylogeny and paleobiography of Metatheria. J. Vert. Paleontol. 16, 474–509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Warwick, R.; Williams, P. L. (1973): Gray’s Anatomy. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.Google Scholar
  33. Wood-Jones, F. (1949): The study of a generalized marsupial (Dasycercus cristicauda Krefft). Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 16, 473–479.Google Scholar
  34. Wroe, S. (1997): A reexamination of proposed morphology-based synapomorphies for the families of Dasyuromorphia (Marsupialia). I. Dasyuridae. J. Mammal. Evol. 4, 19–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Deutsche Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zoologisches Institut, Spezielle ZoologieUniversität TübingenTübingenGermany

Personalised recommendations