Advertisement

Australasian Plant Pathology

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 38–43 | Cite as

First record of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense on Cavendish bananas in Western Australia

  • R. G. Shivas
  • P. M. Wood
  • M. W. Darcey
  • K. G. Peg
Article

Abstract

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp, cubense, was isolated from the discoloured vascular tissue of wilted Cavendish (cultivar Williams) bananas at Carnarvon, Western Australia. This is the first record of Fusarium wilt on Cavendish bananas in Western Australia. The pathogen was detected on 10 of 153 plantations surveyed at Carnarvon. It was probably introduced with and spread from diploid bananas of uncertain origin in windbreaks, which were known to be affected by Fusarium wilt at Carnarvon as early as 1949. Both waterlogging and drought may have predisposed Cavendish bananas in the field to infection. Glasshouse pathogenicity tests with isolates of F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense from Carnarvon showed that they were highly pathogenic on 4-month-old plants of Cavendish cultivars, Williams and Grande Naine.

Keywords

Fusarium Oxysporum Australasian Plant Pathology Fusarium Wilt Banana Plantation Vegetative Compatibility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anon. (1975) — Climatic Averages Australia. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. p. 22.Google Scholar
  2. Bancroft, J. (1876) — Report of the board appointed to inquire into to the cause of disease affecting livestock and plants, Queensland, 1876. In Votes and Proceedings, 1877, 3: 1011–1038.Google Scholar
  3. Barnett, G.B. (1947) — Banana culture in Western Australia. Western Australian Journal of Agriculture 24: 79–139.Google Scholar
  4. Booth, C. (1971) — The Genus Fusarium. Cornmonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, England.Google Scholar
  5. Brake, V.M., Pegg, K.G., Irwin, J.A.G. and Langdon, P.W. (1990) — Vegetative compatibility groups within Australian populations of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp, cubense, the cause of fusarium wilt of bananas. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 41: 863–870.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brayford, D. (1992) — Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. IMI Descriptions of Fungi and Bacteria No. 1 11 5. Mycopathologica 118: 47–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buddenhagen, I.W. (1990) — Banana breeding and Fusarium wilt. In Fusarium Wilt of Banana (Ed R.C. Ploetz), pp. 107–113. American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, Minnesota.Google Scholar
  8. Doepel, R.F. (1964) — A revised list of fruit diseases recorded in Western Australia. Western Australian Journal of Agriculture 5: 449–456.Google Scholar
  9. Hawson, M.G. (1966) — New regulations to control Panama disease. Western Australian Department of Agriculture, Information Sheet No. 24, 1 page (mimeographed sheet).Google Scholar
  10. Lawson, J.A. (1961) — Banana cultivation at Carnarvon. Western Australian Journal of Agriculture 2: 293–316.Google Scholar
  11. Moore, N.Y., Hargreaves, P.A., Pegg, K.G. and Irwin, J.A.G. (1991) — Characterisation of strains of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense by production of volatiles. Australian Journal of Botany 39: 161–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Moore, N.Y., Pegg, KG., Allen, R.N. and Irwin, J.A.G. (1993)- Vegetative compatibility and distribution of Fusarium oxysporum f, sp. cubense in Australia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 33: 797–802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pegg, K. G. and Langdon, P.W. (1987) — Fusarium wilt (Panama disease): a review. In Banana and Plantain Breeding Strategies: Proceedings of an International Workshop, Cairns, Australia, 1986 (Eds G.J. Persley and E.A. De Langhe). ACIAR Proceedings 21: 119–123.Google Scholar
  14. Pegg, K.G., Shivas, R.G., Moore, N.Y. and Bentley, S. (1995) — Characterization of a unique population of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense causing Fusarium wilt in Cavendish bananas at Carnarvon, Western Australia. Australian Journal of AgriculturalResearch 46: 167–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ploetz, R.C. and Correll, J.C. (1988) — Vegetative compatibility among races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. Plant Disease 72: 325–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Purss, G.S. (1953) — A disease in WilliamsHybrid produced by Fusarium spp. Queensland Journal of Agricultural Science 10: 126.Google Scholar
  17. Sorensen, S., Pegg, K.G. and Dale, J. (1991) — RAPDPCR analysis of the genetic variability within Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Abstract). Australasian Plant Pathology Society Conference, Sydney University, 7–11 October, p. 30.Google Scholar
  18. Stover, R.H. (1962) — Studies on Fusarium wilt of bananas. VIII. Differentiation of clones by cultural interaction and volatile substances. Canadian Journal of Botany 40: 1467–1471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Stover, R. H. (1972) — Banana, Plantain and Abaca Diseases. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey.Google Scholar
  20. Stover, R. H. (1989) — World banana scene to 2000. Working papers. Second Australian Banana Industry Development Workshop, Innisfail, Qld. 18–21 July. 14 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Stover, R.H. and Malo, S.E. (1972) — The occurrence of fusarial wilt in normally resistant ‘Dwarf Cavendish’ banana. Plant Disease Reporter 56: 1000–1003.Google Scholar
  22. Su, H.-J., Chuang, T.Y. and Kong, W.S. (1977) — Physiological race of fusarial wilt fungus attacking Cavendish banana of Taiwan. Taiwan Banana Research Institute, Special Publication 2. 21 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Turner, D. W., Korawis, C. and Robson, A.D. (1989) — Soil analysis and its relationship with leaf analysis and banana yield with special reference to a study at Carnarvon, Western Australia. Fruits 44: 193–203.Google Scholar
  24. Waite, B.H. (1963) — Wilt of Heliconia spp. caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 3. Tropical Agnculture 40: 299–305.Google Scholar
  25. Waite, B.H. (1977) — Inoculation studies and natural infection of banana varieties with races 1 and 2 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. Plant Disease Reporter 61: 15–19.Google Scholar
  26. Wise, F.J.S. (1930) — The banana in Western Australia. Western Australian Journal of Agriculture 7: 560–571.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Australasian Plant Pathology Society 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. Shivas
    • 1
  • P. M. Wood
    • 1
  • M. W. Darcey
    • 2
  • K. G. Peg
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Plant ProtectionDepartment of AgricultureSouth Perth
  2. 2.Department of AgricultureDivision of Regional OperationsCarnarvon
  3. 3.Department of Primary IndustriesIndooroopilly

Personalised recommendations