Advertisement

Australasian Plant Pathology

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 239–249 | Cite as

Fusarium wilt of banana and Wallace’s line: Was the disease originally restricted to his Indo-Malayan region?

  • Randy Ploetz
  • Kenneth Pegg
Article

Abstract

The edible bananas originated in Asia. Fusarium wilt, caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, is a lethal disease of this important food crop. Also known as Panama disease, it impacts on a wide range of cultivars and, like its host, is now found throughout the tropical regions of the world. Although most authorities believe that the pathogen co-evolved with banana, a non-Asian origin is also possible. Before global collections of F. oxysporum f sp. cubense became available, there was scant evidence to support either of these hypotheses. New information on genetic diversity in the fungus, and its ancestry, confirms that it most likely originated in south and southeast Asia. The available data indicate that the eastern limit of its native range was probably defined by the 1910 version of Wallace’s line; its distribution coincided with his Indo-Malayan region. We believe that this is the first time that Wallace’s line has been shown to delimit the distribution of a microorganism, F. oxysporum f sp. cubense.

Additional keywords

Musa plate tectonics Sahli plate Sunda plate 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anonymous (1991) — FAD Food Production Statistics. Rome.Google Scholar
  2. Audley-Charles, M.G. (1981) — Geological history of the region of Wallace’s line. In Wallace’s Line and Plate Tectonics (Ed T.C. Whitmore), pp. 24–35. Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  3. Bentley, S., Pegg, K.G. and Dale, J.L. (1995) — Genetic variation among a world-wide collection of isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense analyzed by RAPD-PCR fingerprinting. Mycological Research 99: 1378–1384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bin Doon, Y. (1991) — Status of banana diseases in Malaysia. In: Banana Diseases in Asia and the Pacific: Proceedings of a Technical Meeting on Banana Diseases Affecting Banana and Plantain in Asia and the Pacific (Eds R.Y. Valmayor, B.E. Umali and C.P. Bejosano), pp. 50–51. INIBAP.Google Scholar
  5. Boehm, E.W.A., Ploetz, R.C. and Kistler, H.C. (1994) — Statistical analysis of electrophoretic karyotype variation among vegetative compatibility groups of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. Molecular Plant Microbe Interactions 7: 196–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Buddenhagen, I.W. and Kelman, A. (1964) — Biological and physiological aspects of bacterial wilt caused by Pseudomonas solanacearum. Annual Review of Phytopathology 2: 203–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buxton, E.W. (1962) — Parasexual recombination in the banana-wilt Fusarium. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 45: 274–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carreel, F., Fauré, S., Gonzâlez de León, D., Lagoda, P.J.L., Perrier, X., Bakry, F., Tezenas du Monteel, H., Lanaud, C. and Horry, J.P. (1994) — Évaluation de la diversité génétique chez les bananiers diploídes (Musa spp.). Genet. Sel. Evol. 26: 125s-136s.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chandra, K.J. (1991) — Status of banana diseases in India. In Banana Diseases in Asia and the Pacific: Proceedings of a Technical Meeting on Banana Diseases Affecting Banana and Plantain in Asia and the Pacific (Eds R.V. Valmayor, B.E. Umali, and C.P. Bejosano), pp. 38–43. INIBAP.Google Scholar
  10. Correll, J.C., Klittich, C.J.R. and Leslie, I.F. (1987) — Nitrate-nonutilizing mutants of Fusarium oxysporum and their use in vegetative compatibility tests. Phytopathology 77: 1640–1646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dransfield, J. (1981) — Palms and Wallace’s line. In: Wallace s Line and Plate Tectonics (Ed I.C. Whitmore), pp. 43–56. Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  12. Flor, H.H. (1956) — The complementary genic systems in flax and flax rust. Advances in Genetics 8: 29–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. George, W. (1981) — Wallaceand his line. In Wallace’s Line and Plate Tectonics (Ed T.C. Whitmore), pp. 3–8. Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  14. Gerlach, W. and Nirenberg, H. (1982) — The Genus Fusarium — a Pictorial Atlas. Paul Parey, Berlin.Google Scholar
  15. Goodwin, S.B. Sujkowski, L.S., Dyer, A.T., Fry, B.A. and Fry, W.E. (1995) — Direct detection of gene flow and probable sexual reproduction of Phytophthora infestans in northern North America. Phytopathology 85: 473–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hernandez, J.M., Freitas, G., Ploetz, R.C. and Kendrick, C. (1993) — Fusarial wilt of banana in the Canary Islands with some data regarding the Madeira Archipelago. In Proceedings of an International Symposium on Recent Developments in Banana Cultivation Technology (Eds R.V. Valmayor, S.C. Hwang, R.C. Ploetz, S.W. Lee, and V.N. Roa, V.N.), pp. 247–254. TBRI, ASPNET and INIBAP.Google Scholar
  17. Kistler, H.C. and Miao, V. (1992) — New modes of genetic change in filamentous fungi. Annual Review of Phytopathology 30: 131–152.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Koenig, R.L., Ploetz, R.C. and Kistler, H.C. (1997) — Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense consists of a small number of divergent and globally distributed lineages. Phytopathology 87: 915–923.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Kress, W.J. (1990) — The phylogeny and classification of the Zingiberales. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 77: 698–721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kuhn, D.N., Cortes, B., Pinto, T. and Weaver, J. (1995) — Parasexuality and heterokaryosis in Fusarium oxysporum f sp. cubense. Phytopathology 85: 1119.Google Scholar
  21. Leslie, J.F. (1993) — Vegetative compatibility in fungi. Annual Review of Phytopathology 31: 127–151.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Manchester, S.R. (1995) — Yes, we had bananas. Oregon Geology 57: 41–43.Google Scholar
  23. Manchester, S.R. and Kress, W.J. (1993) — Fossil bananas (Musaceae): Ensete oregonense sp. nov. from the Eocene of western North America and its phytogeographic significance. American Journal of Botany 80: 1264–1272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Muharam, A. and Subijanto. (1991) — Status of banana diseases in Indonesia. In Banana Diseases in Asia and the Pacific: Proceedings of a Technical Meeting on Banana Diseases Affecting Banana and Plantain in Asia and the Pacific (Eds R.V. Valmayor, B.E. Umali, and C.P. Bejosano), pp. 44–49. INIBAP.Google Scholar
  25. Nelson, P.E., Toussoun, T.A. and Marasas, W.O. (1983) — Fusarium Species. An Illustrated Guide for Identification. Pennsylvania State University Press.Google Scholar
  26. O’Donnell, K.O., and Cigelnik, E. (1996) — Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Gibberella fujikuroi and the Fusarium oxysporum species complex. Symposium: Evolutionary biology of Fusarium oxysporum and the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex. Abstract of Presentations, Joint meeting APS/IMSA. p. 127.Google Scholar
  27. Ortiz, R. (1995) — Musa genetics. In Bananas and Plantains (Ed S. Gowen) Chapman & Hall, London.Google Scholar
  28. Pegg, K.G., Moore, N.Y. and Sorensen, S. (1993) — Fusarium wilt in the Asian Pacific region. In Proceedings of an International Symposium on Recent Developments in Banana Cultivation Technology (Eds R.V. Valmayor, S.C. Hwang, RC. Ploetz, S.W. Lee, and Y.N. Roa, Y.N.), pp. 255–269. TBRI, ASPNET and INIBAP.Google Scholar
  29. Pegg, K.G., Moore, N.Y. and Sorensen, S. (1994) — Variability in populations of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense from the Asia/Pacific region. In The Improvement and Testing of Musa: a Global Partnership (Ed D.R. Jones), pp. 70–82. INIBAP, Montpellier, France.Google Scholar
  30. Ploetz, R.C. (1990) — Population biology of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. In Fusarium Wilt of Banana (Ed R.C. Ploetz), pp. 63–76. APS Press, American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN USA.Google Scholar
  31. Ploetz, R.C. (1992) — Fusarium wilt of banana (panama disease). In Plant Diseases of International Importance, Vol. III (Eds A.N. Mukhopadhyay, H.S. Chaube, J. Kumar, and U.S. Singh), pp. 270–282. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  32. Ploetz, R.C. (1994) — Panama disease: Return of the first banana menace. International Journal of Pest Management 40: 326–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ploetz, R.C., Braunworth, W.S., Jr., Hasty, S., Gantotti, B., Chizala, C.T., Banda, D.L.N., Makina, D.W. and Channer, A.G. (1992) — Fusarium wilt of banana (Panama disease) in Malawi. Fruits 47: 503–508.Google Scholar
  34. Ploetz, R.C., Herbert, J., Sebasigari, K., Hernandez, J.H., Pegg, K.G., Ventura J.A. and Mayato, L.S. (1990) — Importance of fusarium wilt in different banana-growing regions. In Fusarium Wilt of Banana (Ed R.C. Ploetz), pp. 9–26. APS Press, American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN USA.Google Scholar
  35. Ploetz, R.C., Vázquez, A., Nagel, J., Benscher, D., Sianglew, P., Srikul, S., Kooariyakul, S., Wattanachaiyingcharoen, W., Lertrat, P. and Wattanachaiyingcharoen, D. (1997) — Current status of Panama Disease in Thailand. Fruits 51: 387–395.Google Scholar
  36. Reinking, O.A. (1934) — The distribution of banana wilt. Philippine Journal of Science 53: 229–243.Google Scholar
  37. Roperos, N.J. and Magnaye, L.V. (1991) — Status of banana diseases in the Philippines. In Banana Diseases in Asia and the Pacific: Proceedings of a Technical Meeting on Banana Diseases Affecting Banana and Plantain in Asia and the Pacific (Eds R.V. Valmayor, B.E. Umali, and C.P. Bejosano), pp. 52–56. INIBAP.Google Scholar
  38. Sharrock, S. (1990) — Collecting Musa in Papua New Guinea. In Identification of Genetic Diversity in the Genus Musa: Proceedings of an international workshop held at Los Baños, Philippines, 5–10 September 1988 (Ed R.L. Jarrett), pp. 140–157. INIBAP, Montpellier, France.Google Scholar
  39. Shaw, D.E. (1984) — Microorganisms in Papua New Guinea. Department of Primary Industry, Port Moresby, Research Bulletin 33.Google Scholar
  40. Shepherd, K. (1990) — Observations on Musa taxonomy. In Identification of Genetic Diversity in the Genus Musa: Proceedings of an international workshop held at Los Baños, Philippines, 5–10 September 1988 (Ed R.L. Jarrett), pp. 158–165. INIBAP, Montpellier, France.Google Scholar
  41. Shivas, R.G. and Philemon, E. (1996) — First record of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense on banana in Papua New Guinea. Australasian Plant Pathology 25: 260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Shivas, R.G., Suyuko, S., Raga, N. and Hyde, K.D. (1996) — Some disease-associated microorganisms on plants in Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Australasian Plant Pathology 25: 36–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Simmonds, N.W. (1956) — A banana collecting expedition to Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 33: 251–270.Google Scholar
  44. Simmonds, N.W. (1962) — The Evolution of the Bananas. Longmans, London.Google Scholar
  45. Simmonds, N.W. (1966) — Bananas. 2nd edition. Longmans, London.Google Scholar
  46. Simmonds, N.W. and Shepherd, K. (1955) — Taxonomy and origins of cultivated bananas. Journal of the Linneaen Society of Botany (London) 55: 302–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Singburaudom, N. (1991) — Status of banana diseases in Thailand. In Banana Diseases in Asia and the Pacific: Proceedings of a Technical Meeting on Banana Diseases Affecting Banana and Plantain in Asia and the Pacific (Eds R.V. Valmayor, B.E. Umali and C.P. Bejosano), pp. 84–93. INIBAP.Google Scholar
  48. Stover, R.H. (1959) — Studies on Fusarium wilt of banana. IV Clonal differentiation among wild type isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. Canadian Journal of Botany 37: 245–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Stover, R.H. (1962) — Fusarial Wilt (panama Disease) of Bananas and other Musa species. C.M.I. Kew, Surrey, UK.Google Scholar
  50. Stover, R.H. and Buddenhagen, I.W. (1986) — Banana breeding: polyploidy, disease resistance and productivity. Fruits 41: 175–191.Google Scholar
  51. Thompson, J.N. (1990) — Coevolution and the evolutionary genetics of interactions among plants and insects and pathogens. In Pests, Pathogens and Plant Communities (Eds J.J. Burdon and S.R. Leather), pp. 249–271. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.Google Scholar
  52. Vakili, N.G. (1965) — Fusarium wilt resistance in seedlings and mature plants of Musa species. Phytopathology 55: 135–140.Google Scholar
  53. Waite, B.H. (1954) — Vascular disease of abacá or Manila hemp in Central America. Plant Disease Reporter 38: 575–578.Google Scholar
  54. Waite, B.H. (1963) — Wilt of Heliconia spp. caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Race 3. Tropical Agriculture 40: 299–305.Google Scholar
  55. Whitmore, T.C. (1981) — Wallace’s line and some other plants. In Wallace’s Line and Plate Tectonics (Ed T.C. Whitmore), pp. 70–80. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Australasian Plant Pathology Society 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tropical Research & Education CenterUniversity of FloridaHomesteadUSA
  2. 2.Queensland Department of Primary IndustriesPlant Pathology, Agricultural Research LaboratoriesIndooroopillyAustralia

Personalised recommendations